Hurricane Sandy Exposes Fire Island Shipwreck By Becky Oskin, OurAmazingPlanet Staff Writer | LiveScience.com – 6 hours agoView Photo The presumed remains of the Bessie White, a wrecked schooner long buried under Fire Island’s dunes, now …A wrecked schooner long buried on Fire Island — a barrier island off of Long Island, N.Y. — now lays fully exposed following Hurricane Sandy’s attack on the beach.The weathered hull of the shipwreck lies about 4 miles (6 kilometers) east of Davis Park, between Skunk Hollow and Whalehouse Point, in the Fire Island National Seashore, as first reported by Newsday. The remains are thought to be the Bessie White, more than 90 years old, said Paula Valentine, public affairs specialist for the park. Historic photographs and news accounts don’t agree on the year of ship’s grounding, but here is an outline of its story:The ship, a four-mast Canadian schooner, went aground in heavy fog about a mile west of Smith’s Point, Long Island, in either 1919 or 1922. The men escaped in two boats. One capsized in the surf, injuring one crew member, but everyone (including the ship’s cat) made it to shore safely. But the crew couldn’t save the three-year-old ship or its tons of coal. The ship was salvaged in the following weeks.The bus-size ship’s skeleton has poked up through the sand before, such as after a nor’easter in 2006, exposing long boards and metal pegs, Valentine told OurAmazingPlanet.The dune that used to bury the wreck eroded back an average of 72 feet, said U.S. Geological Survey coastal geologist Cheryl Hapke, who is studying the changes on Fire Island.Archaeologists and park officials are documenting the shipwreck before the sea reburies it with sand, Valentine said.”There’s so little of it left we may not be not be able to determine which ship it actually is, but we may be able to learn more about its age,” she said. „It’s just a rare treat to see something exposed.”Fire Island is a barrier island, a natural system that takes the brunt of the damage during powerful hurricanes and winter storms. The entire island was submerged following Hurricane Sandy. In all, 80 percent of homes were flooded and seawater breached the island in four places.Reach Becky Oskin at firstname.lastname@example.org. Follow her on Twitter @beckyoskin. Follow OurAmazingPlanet on Twitter @OAPlanet. We’re also on Facebook and Google+.
4 dead, 17 hurt when train hits Texas vets parade By TERRY WALLACE | Associated Press – 9 mins agoEnlarge Photo Associated Press/Reporter-Telegram, James Durbin – Bystanders react as emergency personnel work the scene where a trailer carrying wounded veterans in a parade was struck by a train in Midland, Texas, Thursday, …more RELATED CONTENT
Drought forces Midwest firm to ponder drier future By DAVID MERCER | Associated Press – 8 hours agoView PhotoThis Sept. 12, 2012 photo shows a water purifying lagoon the Archer Daniels Midland company plant in …View PhotoThis Sept. 12, 2012 photo shows a water purifying lagoon the Archer Daniels Midland company plant in …View PhotoIn this Sept. 12, 2012 photo, Jay Billingsley, co-owner of Billingsley Service Center & Towing, talks …View PhotoIn this Sept. 12, 2012 photo, a woman fishes on Lake Decatur, which was built on the Sangamon River in …View Photo In this Sept. 12, 2012 photo, Brad Crookshank, wastewater superintendent for the Archer Daniels Midland …DECATUR, Ill. (AP) — At the height of this year’s drought, decision-makers at the agribusiness giant Archers Daniels Midland kept an uneasy eye on the reservoir down the hill from their headquarters.At one point, the water level fell to within 2 inches of the point where the company was in danger of being told for the first time ever that it couldn’t draw as much as it wanted. The company uses millions of gallons of water a day to turn corn and soybeans into everything from ethanol and cattle feed to cocoa and a sweetener used in soft drinks and many other foods.Rain eventually lifted Lake Decatur’s level again. But the close call left ADM convinced that, like many Midwestern companies and the towns where they operate, it could no longer take an unrestricted water supply for granted, especially if drought becomes a more regular occurrence due to climate change or competition ramps up among water users.While companies in the Great Lakes region and other parts of middle America long counted on water being cheap and plentiful, they now realize they must conserve because finding new water sources is difficult and expensive — if it can be done at all.”You’ve got to plan for the worst, and be prepared for that,” said Brad Crookshank, the wastewater superintendent for ADM’s corn processing plant in Decatur. „There’s not a lot of low-hanging fruit for additional water supplies.”ADM, which pumps more water out of Lake Decatur than any other consumer, wasn’t the only big water-user affected by the drought. Two Midwestern power plants shut down for periods this summer because they lacked water to operate, according to Midwest ISO, the electrical-grid operator for the region. MISO spokesman Brandon Wright declined to identify the plants because they’re owned by grid clients.With half of Minnesota, the „Land of 10,000 Lakes,” still in deep drought, the Department of Natural Resources told 50 water users, including several major ones, to stop drawing from rivers and streams in October.They included a paper plant owned by Sappi North America and a ceiling panel factory owned by USG Corp. The companies declined to comment, but DNR officials said they expressed concern about the future of their businesses.”We have discussions like, ‘Are you going to shut us down or put people out of work?’ And we say ‘You need to identify (alternative) sources of water so we’re not put in this position,'” said Dave Leuthe, deputy director of the Minnesota DNR Ecological and Water Resources Division.Homeowners and small businesses are used to being asked to conserve water during drought. But big companies are often the last to face restrictions. Factories provide jobs, and utilities generate the power that keeps the lights and machinery on. Limiting their access to water could mean cutting production and employment.”If you’re going to start playing hardball with those businesses, they might decide this is too much trouble, we’re going to move to another location,” said Michael Doran, a professor of water and wastewater engineering at the University of Wisconsin.In Decatur, ADM is king. The company employs 4,000 people in the town of 76,000. And it’s influential far beyond the city’s borders. ADM has 265 processing plants in 75 countries, is ranked 28th in this year’s Fortune 500 and is legendary for political influence.Twenty-five years ago, no one at the company was very concerned about water.But the Midwest drought of 1988 scared ADM into finding ways to reuse it. The result, in part, is a 25-acre pond full of waste water, which will be cleaned by bacteria in frothy, churning brown lagoons that sit nearby. Eventually, the water will be used again, mainly for cooling.”It sounds real noble to say we want to conserve water,” Crookshank said. „In reality it was, ‘Don’t shut the plant down.'”Water is now an ongoing concern. When Decatur officials started warning residents this summer that restrictions were coming, they also initiated weekly talks with ADM and another local agribusiness firm, Tate & Lyle, about the receding lake. The discussions, however, had a different tone than orders given to other businesses, such as car washes, to stop using city water.”The discussions that we’ve had with ADM and Tate & Lyle involve, what kind of restrictions can they live with?” said Keith Alexander, the city’s director of water management. Aside from hospitals and the fire department, the companies are the most critical water users in town, he added.Other companies started hauling water. Some shut down. None were happy.Billingsley Service Center & Towing installed a mammoth water tank at its car wash and hauled in $2,000 worth of water a week to stay open, co-owner Jay Billingsley said. But efforts to talk to the city about easing its restrictions were fruitless, he said, even though the car wash consumes a fraction of what the big companies drink.”I understand (car washes are) not a necessity to live,” Billingsley said, „but at the same point, the same time, there are people that depend on this industry.”The city finally eased restrictions on car washes in late October after it rained. By then, officials were uncomfortably close to telling ADM that it, too, would have to cut back — by 15 percent.Crookshank said the company had figured out ways to avoid curtailing production, so no jobs would be lost. Tate & Lyle also found ways to reduce water use, seeing the drought as an opportunity, spokesman Chris Olsen said.But the two companies would like the city to expand its water supply, a costly endeavor. Decatur is spending $1.6 million on four temporary wells, and a water consultant who works with a number communities around the country facing similar problems recommends capturing more of the river that feeds the lake, though that could take water from other communities grappling with the drought downstream.”I hear that all the time,” said the consultant, Pamela Kenel. „We need to be designing for a new normal.”_Follow David Mercer on Twitter: www.twitter.com/davidmercerap
Restorative Flood in Grand Canyon Starts Sunday Night By Becky Oskin,By OurAmazingPlanet Staff Writer | LiveScience.com – Wed, Nov 14, 2012 5:10 PM ESTLiveScience.com/T. Ross Reeve – View from top of Glen Canyon Dam of jet tubes during the 2008 flood test.View GalleryIn this Monday Oct. 22, 2012, photo, Google product manager Ryan Falor walks with …View Photo Grand Canyon National Park.The Colorado River will gush at flood stage starting Sunday night (Nov. 18), giving rafters a rare thrill and hopefully restoring beaches and native fish habitat in the Grand Canyon.The six-day-long water release from Glen Canyon Dam is the first of many floods planned by the Department of the Interior through 2020. The floods, or „high-flows,” are an effort to restore the river’s natural environment for both tourists and wildlife.”The high-flow does mimic a natural event, and that is a good thing for the ecosystem,” said Glen Knowles, chief of the adaptive management group at the Bureau of Reclamation’s Salt Lake City office.Since the dam was completed in 1966, the Colorado River, once copper-colored with sediment, now runs clear. While sand and mud piles up behind the concrete barrier, natural beaches and sandbars have disappeared, allowing predatory non-native fish such as rainbow trout to flourish. Bushes and trees, once buried or ripped away during periodic floods, now choke popular camping sites for river rafters. [Top 10 Most Visited National Parks] Deluge to build new beaches, habitat–The goal of the flood is to park sediment high along the walls of the Grand Canyon.”The beaches have changed rather dramatically since the dam was put into place, and we can rebuild those beaches to an extent,” said Knowles, who was involved in planning and developing the high-flow release protocol. „The same sandbars that create the beaches also create backwater habitat for native fish,” he told OurAmazingPlanet.The high-flow release plan was announced in May by Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar. Developed after more than 16 years of planning and testing, the strategy allows flood releases on short notice, without extensive environmental review or planning, through 2020. The order calls for flows from 31,500 to 45,000 cubic feet (892 to 1,274 cubic meters) per second for up to 96 hours in March-April and October-November,.Flood tests were conducted in 1996, 2004 and 2008. These three blasts helped rebuild beaches and protect native fish such as the federally threatened humpback chub, but the newly deposited sediment quickly eroded. Researchers also found that without sufficient sediment below the dam — dumped by the Paria and Little Colorado rivers — the reservoir water was too cold for the humpback chub to spawn.The new plan authorizes dam releases when enough sediment has been deposited by the free-flowing Paria and Little Colorado, Knowles said. Tests by the U.S. Geological Survey found the Paria River dropped 538,000 metric tons of sand into the Colorado River between late July and the end of October, so there’s enough sediment to merit a flood now. [Related: The Grand Canyon in Pictures]However, spring floods won’t start until 2015. Plans for spring floods changed because 2008 and 2011 produced huge spawns of rainbow trout, Knowles said. The deluge cleans mud and sand out of gravel near the dam where the rainbow trout like to lay their eggs, creating good spawning conditions. „We felt as a conservation measure, we would forgo any spring flows until 2015 to not make the situation worse,” he said.There are now approximately 2 million rainbow trout and 10,000 humpback chub in the Colorado River ecosystem. „That is not an acceptable ecosystem,” said Nikolai Lash, a program director at the conservation group Grand Canyon Trust.The trust has pushed for annual floods in the Grand Canyon for more than 15 years, including in a lawsuit filed in 2008. „I really welcome this change in policy and implementing high-flow program,” Lash said, „The beaches are in a very diminished condition, and the high-flow experiments, whether they are done in the spring or the fall, are likely to do good things for the canyon.”The USGS will monitor the effects of the high-flow release throughout the canyon and report back to the Bureau of Reclamation and affected stakeholders, including the trust and Native American tribes, Knowles said.High flows will cost power companies Glen Canyon Dam powers more than 1.5 million homes, mostly in rural and suburban Utah. Residents there will absorb the costs of water bypassing Glen Canyon’s turbines, which in the past have come to $3 million to $4 million. When water bypasses the turbines, the association must meet contracted demand by purchasing power generated elsewhere, said Leslie James, executive director for the Colorado River Energy Distributors Association.Next week’s release will cost the group about $1.4 million,James told OurAmazingPlanet. Later this year, the association will also need to accommodate lower-than-average flows, because only a finite amount of water is released from the Lake Powell reservoir each year.Currently the Bureau of Reclamation plans to ease the blow by dropping flows in February and April, typically low-demand months, James said. The amount of water flowing through Glen Canyon Dam’s turbines affects the power-generating capacity. „We appreciate the efforts of Reclamation and Western to look at scenarios that will have less impact,” James told OurAmazingPlanet.The total maximum release from the dam next week will reach approximately 42,300 cubic feet (1,197 cubic meters) per second for 24 hours. The flood will last six days, from Nov. 18 at 11 p.m. to Nov. 23 at 8 p.m. The water level at Lake Powell will drop 2 to 3 feet during the release.The National Park Service has alerted Grand Canyon National Park river rafters that boats may travel at double the normal speed and that some camp areas may be inundated. Water along the Lake Mead corridor from Pearce Ferry to South Cove also will increase and speed up, and could carry away camping equipment or boats left unsecured on the shore.Reach Becky Oskin at email@example.com. Follow her on Twitter @beckyoskin. Follow OurAmazingPlanet on Twitter @OAPlanet. 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5 Ways Rapid Warming Is Changing the Arctic By Wynne Parry, LiveScience Contributor | LiveScience.com – 14 hrs ago
NEW YORK — Scientists predict global warming will affect certain areas more dramatically than others. The Arctic is one of these climate-change hotspots.Significant changes are happening sooner and more intensely in the cold northern cap over the planet. For instance, in recent years,Arctic sea ice has reached unprecedented low annual extents, and making a record retreat in September.The signs of change, and the implications for the people, animals and plants that live in the Arctic, are numerous.A panel of researchers from institutions in Canada and the United States discussed the rapid change in the Arctic from a variety of angles — from melting sea ice and tundra, to the effects on marine mammals and indigenous people on Monday (Nov. 13) here at Columbia University. Here are five ways rapid warming may be changing the Arctic:1. Last sea-ice refuge: The rapid summer retreat of Arctic sea ice each summer has led to talk of the potential for ice-free summers in the Arctic. But a limited amount of ice is likely to linger in summers until late in this century, said Stephanie Pfirman, a climate scientist at Columbia’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. Computer models simulating ice thickness show the older, thicker ice clinging to the Arctic waters north of Canada and Greenland even as it retreats elsewhere. That older ice is like a „snow bank” that takes longer to melt, Pfirman said. Not only is ice formed in this region, but currents and mainly winds also transport it there. This „last sea-ice refuge” is likely to retain summer ice for decades to come, she said.2. Winners and losers in the ocean: Changes in the Arctic waters, particularly the thinning and receding ice, will likely both hurt and benefit year-round and seasonal Arctic animals, said Pierre Richard, a marine biologist with the Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada. While conclusive evidence that climate change is affecting species is difficult to come by, the loss of sea ice is impacting polar bears’ ability to hunt. Meanwhile, sea-ice melt is making it difficult for ringed seals, which polar bears hunt on the sea ice, to shelter their pups in lairs in the ice. Other species may change or expand their ranges. Killer whales, for instance, appear to be spreading farther north into the Arctic searching for seals and other whales as prey, Richard said. The loss of ice and warming water are also prompting earlier blooms of tiny plants, known as phytoplankton, which will likely have ripple effects for other organisms in Arctic waters. [Endangered Beauties: Images of Polar Bears]There are a lot of predictions about the implications for Arctic marine food webs, „but nobody has answers, it is a complicated topic,” Richard said.3. Unlocking the tundra’s carbon stash: On land, frozen ground, called the permafrost below the tundra holds 14 percent of the world’s carbon, an element that plays a crucial role in the greenhouse effect. Global warming has the potential to make itself worse by causing the release of this carbon. For the past 10,000 years, low-growing tundra plants, like other plants everywhere, have been sucking carbon out of the air as they photosynthesize. This carbon ends up being stored as dead organic matter in the ground. But in the Arctic permafrost, the cold prevents microbes from decomposing the organic matter, a process that would release carbon back into the atmosphere. Warming is allowing taller shrubs to invade the low tundra landscapes. These shrubs themselves promote more change by trapping more snow above the soil and insulating it, which promotes decomposition, said Kevin Griffin, a plant physiologist at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.A much faster, more dramatic process is also releasing the stored carbon: tundra fires. Caused by dry tundra and lightning strikes, which have increased by as much as 300 percent, tundra fires are occurring at a much higher frequency, Griffin said.4. Throwing nature’s timing out of whack: The Arctic is an important summer destination for many migratory species, including songbirds attracted by the abundant food, lack of predators and parasites, said Natalie Boelman, an ecologist at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. The songbirds’ migration north is cued by changes in light, so the timing of their spring journeys remain constant; however, the changes in the Arctic are affecting the food at their destination. A more shrubby tundra landscape can provide more insects, but their emergence times may change. What’s more, shrubs, which are more complex than the low-growing tundra, trap more snow and delay the snowmelt. Thismeans seeds and berries the birds eat remain hidden for longer. The changes in the landscape will also affect birds with particular nesting preferences, Boelman said. [The 10 Most Amazing Animal Migrations]”We are looking to see if a mismatch is developing and the sort of repercussions it has for different species of songbirds,” Boelman said of her research. 5. Challenges for indigenous communities: In the past 50 years, indigenous communities around the Arctic have been transformed into modern towns along coasts and rivers, and these are now facing the potentially devastating effects from climate change, Igor Krupnik, an anthropologist at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., told the audience. Many of these communities, now outfitted with less resilient modern infrastructure, are unprepared for rising sea levels and increased storm activity; 178 Alaskan native communities have been identified as at risk for various forms of erosion, including spring floods from rivers; 12 have already decided to relocate to higher ground, at enormous cost, Krupnik said.Observations made by native Arctic people of the change in their environment are powerful sources of knowledge for scientists, he said, noting they view the changes in the Arctic differently than scientists do. „Everywhere we asked people, they talked about increasing uncertainty, they talked about increasing unpredictability,” he said. „They talk about irregular changes in weather and weather patterns, they talked about flooding and storms, they talked about new risks of going out on thin ice.”New research on dynamics contributing to the retreating and thinning ice in the Arctic was also discussed. Narrow, linear cracks in the sea ice, called leads, pump deep, warm ocean water up toward the surface, said Bruno Tremblay, an ocean and atmospheric scientist at McGill University. Scientists are now working to better understand the physical forces responsible for the upward movement of warmer water beneath the leads, Tremblay said.Follow LiveScience on Twitter @livescience. We’re also on Facebook & Google+.
EU climate head wants Obama to pull his weight By KARL RITTER | Associated Press – 11 hrs ago
STOCKHOLM (AP) — The European Union’s climate commissioner says she hopes that President Barack Obama’s renewed attention to global warming after the election will translate into greater U.S.involvement in U.N. climate talks.Connie Hedegaard told The Associated Press during a visit to Stockholm on Thursday that many Europeans were disappointed that climate change didn’t get more attention during Obama’s first term.”But I hope that the re-elected president will pull his whole weight now into this area,” she said „I’m absolutely sure that that could make a difference not only internally in the United States, but also at the international scene.”Climate change was virtually absent during the presidential campaign until Hurricane Sandy hit the East Coast, so climate activists were elated when Obama mentioned the „destructive power of a warming planet” in his victory speech.The president also addressed the issue in a news conference Wednesday, saying he hopes to begin his second term by opening a national „conversation” on climate change.Obama took some steps in his first term to slow global warming, such as sharply increasing fuel efficiency standards for cars and trucks, but said „we haven’t done as much as we need to.”Hedegaard said it was „very encouraging” to hear those words from Obama because internationally it was necessary to engage the U.S. more.Governments will meet in Doha, Qatar, on Nov. 26 for a new round of talks on crafting a global climate treaty to replace the Kyoto Protocol, a pact limiting the greenhouse emissions of industrialized countries. The U.S. never ratified that treaty, which expires this year, because it didn’t impose any binding commitments on major emerging economies like China.China insists that as a developing country it shouldn’t face the same requirements to reduce emissions as Western countries that have polluted the atmosphere for centuries. That remains a major sticking point that is unlikely to be resolved in Doha.Countries last year said the new agreement should be adopted by 2015 and take effect five years later.”From 2020, when the new regime enters into force, we will all have to be equally legally bound,” Hedegaard said. „In other words, we get rid of that old firewall where some will be committed and some only do something voluntarily.”_Karl Ritter can be reached at http://Twitter.com/karl_ritter
Fall rains bring havoc to Haiti By TRENTON DANIEL | Associated Press – Tue, Nov 13, 2012Enlarge PhotoAssociated Press/Dieu Nalio Chery – Jesumene St-Fleur, 48, walks with her five-year-old daughter Marie Lourdine at their home that was damaged by heavy rain brought by Hurricane Sandy in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, …more RELATED CONTENTEnlarge PhotoSolange Calixte 56, speaks outside …Enlarge PhotoHomes lay in ruins after heavy …PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti (AP) — The rain has tapered off and floodwaters no longer claw at houses, but the situation across much of Haiti remained grim on Tuesday following an autumn of punishing rains that have killed scores of people and that threaten to cause even more hunger across the impoverished nation.In places such as Croix-des-Missions, on the northeastern edge of the Haitian capital, the walls of dozens of homes along a pale brown river have been broken or ripped away, exposing clothes, bedding and everything else to the repeated downpours.Heavy rains began falling in southern Haiti even before Hurricane Sandy passed just west of the country’s southern peninsula the night of Oct. 24, dropping more than 20 inches of rain within a 24-hour period.”It took away my whole home. Now I don’t have anything,” saidSolange Calixte, a 56-year-old mother of two whose home in Croix-des-Missions was largely destroyed by floodwaters of the nearby Gray River.One of 21,000 people the U.N. says were left homeless by Sandy, Calixte was forced to move with her belongings beneath a tarp at a neighbor’s home.And the rains have kept coming. Another front soaked much of the north late last week, causing more flooding and leaving at least a dozen dead.So far the back-to-back storms have killed up to 66 people and the crisis is likely to worsen in coming months. Humanitarian workers anticipate a food shortage brought on by the massive flooding that destroyed yam and corn fields.The United Nations says that as much as 90 percent of Haiti’s current harvest season, much of it in the south, was lost in Sandy’s floods, and the next harvest season won’t begin until March. The World Food Program estimates that more than 1.5 million people are now at risk of malnutrition because they were either displaced or lost crops, forcing Haitians to rely heavily on more-expensive imports.”This means massive inflation, hunger for a lot of people and acute malnutrition,” said Johan Peleman, head of the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Haiti. „Basically, the cushion is gone.”Soaring food costs have rattled Haiti before. In 2008 a jump in prices sparked more than a week of deadly rioting and ended in the ouster of the prime minister and his Cabinet.The U.N. and Haitian government are now launching an emergency appeal to raise $39 million in hopes of stemming what they foresee as Haiti’s next humanitarian crisis. This money is supposed to help 1.2 million people by providing shelter and food, repairing water, sanitation systems and schools.Calixte, who sells clothes on the street for a living, had seen flood waters seep into her concrete house before. It sits at the edge of a wide river that cuts through the northern side of Haiti’s capital. But Sandy did more. The storm led the caramel-colored river to claw away at the banks, and it ripped apart the home she had lived in since 1999.The river has since receded and people can safely walk across through the water.But Calixte said life is anything but normal.”I’m at the mercy of other people,” she said, her eyes tearing up.In the north, just outside Cap-Haitien, night-long rains from a cold front caused a river to burst its bank Thursday night. The U.N. base in town was flooded, but the real damage was at the edge of ravine where floodwaters swept away cinderblock homes and the people inside them. City Hall asked aid groups for body bags.The rains pounded the northern coast of the country through the night. The bodies of five children and a woman in her 30s were found in a village on the outskirts of Cap-Haitien and laid out in a tight row the next day.The country’s civil protection office counted 10 dead that morning, and added two more several days later. But officials such as the mayor of Cap-Haitien believe the toll could rise now that floodwaters are receding to reveal bodies trapped in thrashed homes.”Every few hours they will call you and say, ‘We found a body and need you to come collect the body,'” Jean Cherenfant said. „That’s the way it has been happening the past few days: The bodies keep surfacing.”The government and foreign aid groups have responded by handing out hot meals but humanitarian workers fear it may be hard to find food down the road.For some, the search for food is already underway.”I’m waiting for the government to help me,” Calixte said. „If they don’t, I have to go out and beg for food.”_Associated Press reporter Evens Sanon contributed reporting._Trenton Daniel can be followed at http://twitter.com/trentondaniel
South Africa labor strikes, unrest expand to farms By JON GAMBRELL | Associated Press – Wed, Nov 14, 2012Enlarge PhotoAssociated Press – Farmers look on as around 18,000 empty fruit containers burn after being set alight by farm workers in Wolseley, South Africa, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2012. Violent protests by farm workers have …more RELATED CONTENT