Slow-moving lava creeps closer to Hawaii homes By AUDREY McAVOY and JENNIFER SINCO KELLEHER2 hours ago Storyful Hawaii Lava Flow Could Force EvacuationsStoryful (OT) Hawaii Lava Flow Could Force Evacuations PAHOA, Hawaii (AP) — After weeks of slow, stop-and-go movement, a river of asphalt-black lava was less than the length of a football field from homes in a Big Island community Tuesday.The lava flow easily burned down an empty shed at about 7:30 a.m., several hours after entering a residential property in Pahoa Village, said Hawaii County Civil Defense Director Darryl Oliveira.A branch of the molten stream was less than 100 yards from a two-story house. It could hit the home later Tuesday if it continues on its current path, Oliveira estimated.Residents of Pahoa Village, the commercial center of the island’s rural Puna district south of Hilo, have had weeks to prepare for what’s been described as a slow-motion disaster. Most have either already left or are prepared to go.At least 50 or 60 structures — including homes and businesses — are in the area likely to be hit.Imelda Raras lives on Apaa Street, which was hit by the lava Sunday. She and her husband are ready to go to a friend’s home if officials tell them they should leave. e are still praying,” Raras said. „I hope our home will be spared.”On Tuesday morning, civil defense officials said the lava was about 500 yards from Pahoa Village Road, which runs through downtown and is one of the town’s main roads.Josiah Hunt, who has farm in a part of Puna that is not immediately threatened, described smelling burning grass, feeling warmth from the lava and hearing „popping and sizzling and all the methane bursts that are happening in the distance … mixed with the birds chirping and the coqui frogs.”SLOW-MOTION DISASTER Scientists began warning the public about the lava from Kilauea volcano Aug. 22. At the time, residents were cleaning up from a tropical storm that made landfall over the Puna district.The flow’s advance has been inconsistent, ranging from about 2 to 20 yards per hour, depending on topography, said Janet Babb, a spokeswoman for the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory.The couple living in the house closest to the flow evacuated but have returned periodically to gather belongings, Oliveira said. At one point they allowed civil defense workers to view the lava from their balcony.A branch of the lava flow was about 100 yards from the house Tuesday, while the „flow front” was about 200 yards from another home on the property.Raras said she and her husband began putting their belongings in storage in September. What they can’t take with them they’re photographing for insurance purposes.Jeff and Denise Lagrimas packed dishes and other belongings into cardboard boxes Tuesday to move their nine-member household to a new rental home in Kurtistown, about 14 miles away.”It’s so surreal, it’s so surreal. Never in my wildest dreams as a kid growing up did I think I would be running from lava,” said Denise Lagrimas.Their new house is far from the lava flow.”We didn’t want to go anywhere where it’s close enough where we would have to evacuate again,” she said.WATCHING THE FLOW County officials are making arrangements for those living in the lava’s path to be able to watch the flow destroy their homes as a means of closure.”You can only imagine the frustration as well as … despair they’re going through,” Hawaii County Civil Defense Director Darryl Oliveira said.Hunt watched last week as the lava crept toward Pahoa and saw a woman whose house is near its path put a lei at the front of the flow. „It helps a person come to grips with the reality of the situation,” he said. „I found it to be oddly comforting in a really strange way.”PREPARATIONS Some schools are closing this week and sending their students to a temporary facility and to other area schools.Crews have been building alternate roads, and officials are preparing for the lava to cut off access for some residents who are assigned to vote Nov. 4 at the Pahoa Community Center.The center will remain open for voting for those who can reach it. Those living on the north side of the flow who are assigned to the center can instead go to the Hawaiian Paradise Community Center.Voters also can cast ballots early by going to the Nanawale Community Center until Friday.THE BRIGHT SIDE?Terri Mulroy, who runs Kumu Aina Farm with her husband, said the lava flow, while unnerving, has a cleansing quality to it because it keeps development on the lush Hawaiian island in check.”If it wasn’t for the flow, I wouldn’t be able to live here,” she said. „This land would have been a golf course for the rich.”_Associated Press writer Alina Hartounian contributed to this report.
So, remember that volcano in Iceland? It’s still erupting like crazy832 SHARESShar on Facebook Share on Twitter WHAT’S THIS?The lava flow from the Bardarbunga Volcano, pictured on Sept. 2, 2014.IMAGE: ARCTIC-IMAGES/CORBISIceland’s Bardarbunga volcano has now emitted the most lava of any volcano in that geologically active country since at least 1947, and continues with no sign of stopping. The volcano is also emitting clouds of toxic sulfur dioxide gases, which have made it all the way to Europe at times, thanks to northwesterly winds.The eruption is taking place in an old lava field known as Holuhraun, and according to National Geographic, the volcano has now vaulted so much molten rock to the surface that it would fill at least 740 Empire State Buildings. The total area of lava spewed out by the volcano is 64.6 square kilometers as of Oct. 28, which works out to about 25 square miles.According to Nature magazine, the volcano has emitted more sulfur dioxide gases since the eruption began in August than Europe produces in an entire year through industrial activities.SEE ALSO: 11 Photos of Iceland’s Bardarbunga Volcano Erupting That Are Just UnrealSulfur dioxide emissions have been far higher, however, in past eruptions of volcanoes in Iceland.Lava flowing from the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland on Sept. 2, 2014 IMAGE: ARCTIC-IMAGES/CORBIS There are no signs that the volcano is about to stop erupting, either. Just on Tuesday, about 80 earthquakes occurred in the vicinity of the volcano, including two that were stronger than magnitude 5. And over the weekend there were 200 earthquakes, which were a sign of continued movement of molten rock, or magma, beneath the surface, and continued settling of the main Bardarbunga caldera.A caldera is a crater-like land feature that is usually formed from an explosive volcanic eruption, and Bardarbunga is a type of volcano, known as a stratovolcano, that is prone to developing calderas because of successive explosive and more muted eruptions.According to the latest scientific update on the volcano, since the start of the seismic activity in August, the caldera has sunk by about 40 meters, or 131 feet. These measurements come from GPS instruments that scientists have installed for volcano monitoring. Magma is moving from the caldera, through a dike underground until it emerges in spectacular fashion in the Holuhraun lava field.The Icelandic Meteorological Office has been providing two-day „gas dispersion” forecasts for the sulfur dioxide emissions emanating from the Holuhraun eruptive site.FollowHugh TuffenThe Open University 231 followers October 10 at 12:16am · Rapid fluid pahoehoe lava advance at dusk, Holuhraun, Iceland, September 23rd 2014.People in the path of the gases have been advised to stay indoors, and call doctors if they experience health problems. Such gases have been known to cause problems for people with respiratory ailments, in particular.Scientists monitoring the volcano continue to say that three scenarios are equally likely for how the eruption may play out in the near future. The first is that the eruption and sinking of the caldera both come to a stop. One might call this the easy way out option.An image from NASA’s Landsat Satellite, showing the lava emerging from a fissure in the Holuhran lava field on Oct. 24, 2014.IMAGE: NASAThe second scenario is far more problematic, involving continued sinking of the caldera that would strengthen the eruption of magma on the Holuhraun lava field. „In this situation, it is likely that the eruptive fissure would lengthen southwards under Dyngjujokull,” the Oct. 27 scientific update states, referring to the name of a glacier that lies atop the caldera. This scenario could result in a glacial outburst flood and possible an ash-producing eruption.In other words, this is not the preferred scenario for the people of Iceland, and international air travelers whose trans-Atlantic flights could be disrupted by ash clouds.And the third scenario is that continued „large-scale subsidence of the caldera occurs,” resulting in an eruption at the edge of the caldera, rather than the lava field. This could melt a large amount of ice, causing a flood and maybe an „ash fall.”By spewing ash high into the atmosphere, a major eruption could disrupt international air travel and potentially even cool the planet’s climate for several months to a couple of years. In the past, massive eruptions from Iceland’s volcanoes have affected the entire globe by cooling the planet, such as the eruption of the Laki volcano in 1783.However, so far, there have been few signs that such a massive, explosive eruption is imminent.
Nicely preserved mammoth carcass shown in Moscow 9 hours ago MOSCOW (AP) — Nearly 40,000 years old and in surprisingly good shape, the carcass of a woolly mammoth has gone on display in Moscow.The scientists who found the teenage mammoth in 2010 in Russia’s far north region of Yakutia have named it Yuka. The carcass had gone on display in Japan and Taiwan before it was exhibited in Moscow Tuesday.Albert Protopopov, a researcher from Yakutia, said Yuka’s carcass bore traces indicating that humans hunted for mammoths during the Ice Age. The young mammoth, aged between six and nine years old when it died, also had injuries left by an encounter with a predator, he said.Protopopov told The Associated Press that Yuka is an estimated 38,000 years old, while other researchers have put its age at about 39,000.Yuka was pulled out of permafrost in a spectacular condition, its soft tissues and reddish fur well preserved. Even most of its brain is intact, offering scientists a rare opportunity to study it.Up to 4 meters (13 feet) in height and 10 tons in weight, mammoths once ranged from Russia and northern China to Europe and most of North America before they were driven to extinction by humans and a changing climate.Woolly mammoths are thought to have died out around 10,000 years ago, although scientists think small groups of them lived longer in Alaska and on islands off Siberia.Researchers have deciphered much of the woolly mammoth’s genetic code from their hair, and some believe it would be possible to clone them, if living cells are found.Protopopov, though, was skeptical about that. „It is not possible to find living cells as they don’t survive after tens of thousands years,” he said.
29 October 2014 Last updated at 03:50 GMT Share this page Hawaiian village Pahoa evacuates as Kilauea lava threatens Out of media player. Press enter to return or tab to continue.The Kilauea volcano has been erupting since 1983 Iceland’s ‘Pompeii’ emerging from the ashResidents of a Hawaiian village threatened by the Kilauea volcano have begun evacuating as the lava threatens the first houses in its way. At least 50 buildings are in its path and the lava is less than 100 yards (90 metres) from a two-storey house.„We are still praying,” said Imelda Raras, one of the residents at risk. „I hope our home will be spared.”Kilauea on the Big Island has been erupting since 1983, but lava has recently burst forth from a new vent.Two roads to Pahoa have been closed and a cemetery has already been overtaken by the lava.The town’s residents will be allowed to watch the destruction of their homes „as a means of closure”, officials said.And they will be allowed to take photos and video for insurance purposes.„You can only imagine the frustration as well as… despair they’re going through,” said Hawaii County Civil Defense Director Darryl Oliveira.Mrs Raras said she and her husband are ready to go to a friend’s home if they are ordered to leave.Lava flow burns through thick vegetation and a fence