Quake-prone Nepal: key questions and answers By Catherine Hours4 hours agoLocated on a major faultline dividing the Indian and Eurasian plates, quake-prone Nepal is set to suffer more aftershocks in the coming months, some of which might be major, experts say.Related Stories
Here are answers to some key questions that have emerged since the Saturday quake that killed over 2,500 people, sowing terror and reducing buildings to rubble.Q: What caused the April 25 earthquake?A: The massive 7.8 magnitude earthquake — the worst disaster to hit the Himalayan nation in more than 80 years — occurred when a major fault broke, generating powerful seismic waves for about 100 seconds.The colossal fault jerked after decades of pressure pushed shifting tectonic plates into a collision.The rupture began northwest of Kathmandu and spread eastwards over a distance of some 100 kilometres (60 miles).The quake resulted from a collision between the Indian and Eurasian seismic plates, according to the United States Geological Survey (USGS).Jerome Vergne, a seismologist at the School and Observatory of Earth Sciences in Strasbourg, agreed.”The Indian plate rises at a speed of some two centimetres (less than an inch) a year… and it is constantly trying to climb under the Tibetan plateau,” he said.Nepalese rescue personnel observe damaged buildings following an earthquake in Kathmandu on April 26 …”But that shift isn’t smooth: it is very irregular. What happened here was a major jolt, a brutal rupture in the interface of the fault that separates the two plates,” Vergne added.Q: What should we expect in the days and months to come?A: Aftershocks are expected in the months, even years ahead. The rupture was not homogenous, and new jolts, however small, may still bring new quakes.”To start with, the surface (of the fault) south of Kathmandu did not break,” said Pascal Bernard of the Institute of Earth Physics of Paris.The partial break may mean the area has become even more vulnerable to new quakes in coming years, he said.Aftershocks will continue, decreasing in number and intensity over time.”We have observed aftershocks so strong their magnitude nearly matched the initial quake’s,” said Vergne, referring to Sunday’s mornings 6.7-magnitude tremor.The impact of aftershocks, he added, has been worsened by the fact that structures were already weakened by the first quake.The jolts will eventually slow down, but the plates will never stop shifting, causing new dangers as they move.Q: Should we fear an even bigger quake?A: This convergence of continents — which created the Himalayas to begin with — has made the area one of the world’s most quake-prone, with its colossal faults jammed close together.”We know there will be new major earthquakes in the Himalayan area, which could have an even bigger magnitude than this one,” Bernard said.”Imagine yourself stretching an elastic band: it will snap in the end,” he added.A magnitude 8.1 quake killed 10,700 people in Nepal and India in 1934. A previous mega-quake in the area dates back to 1255.Bernard said the next quake could have a magnitude of up to 9, but that it is hard to tell whether it will strike in a few years’ time, or two centuries from now.”Yes, the worst is yet to come, but it may be in a few centuries’ time,” he said.
KATHMANDU, Nepal (AP) — Nepal’s worst earthquake in more than 80 years has so far claimed more than 2,500 lives. There has been panic as aftershocks hit the area, but there was also time to cremate hundreds of the dead, keep up the search for the missing and mourn the loss of not only life but culture, with many historic buildings destroyed when the earthquake hit on Saturday.There have also been rare scenes of people rescued from collapsed buildings. And with many remote mountain villages still unaccounted for, there may be more tragedy to uncover.Here is a collection of images that reveal the scale of the tragedy.
Chile begins volcano clean-up under eruption threat By Miguel Sanchez4 hours ago La Ensenada (Chile) (AFP) – Residents whose homes were buried under mounds of stinking volcanic ash in southern Chile began the painstaking clean-up Sunday, under the threat of more eruptions from the volatile Calbuco volcano.Related Stories
The specter of heavy rain only added to the anxiety of thousands of people whose lives were turned upside down when Calbuco burst into life twice in as many days last week, having been dormant for more than 50 years.More than 6,500 people living nearby were told to evacuate after Calbuco erupted on Wednesday and Thursday, belching out a massive column of ash and lava, and triggering a spectacular showcase of Mother Nature’s formidable powers.The ash cloud drifted eastwards over Argentina, sparking travel misery for some flying in and out of several major cities or resorts in the region.A column of ash was still traveling northeastward Sunday over Argentina, but it was smaller than in previous days and there was little disruption to air travel.Back at the foot of the volcano giant, in the small tourist town of La Ensenada, its 1,500 inhabitants begin to see light as they embarked on the big clean-up, aided by army personnel who were rushed to the area when a state of emergency was declared.Chilean cowboys drive their herd along a road covered with ash from the Calbuco volcano at La Ensena …”Now we just have to think about the future. We hope that in two months, Ensenada will be back to normal. But it will depend on whether the volcano leaves us alone,” restaurant worker Pedro Gonzalez told AFP.Sandra Ramirez, a resident of La Ensenada, told AFP: „Everything helps, the arrival of the military will allow us to get back on our feet as soon as possible.”People in the picturesque town — who wore masks to avoid inhaling the ash — are still not allowed back permanently into their homes because it is inside the exclusion zone.The Chilean government says it will provide the money to rebuild nearby areas that were swallowed up by ash, turning the usually stunning landscape boasting towering volcanoes and lakes into a haunting fog of gray.The potential for rain in the coming days threatened to turn streets into treacherous rivers of mud.A woman carries her baby in La Ensenada, southern Chile, on April 26, 2015 (AFP Photo/Vladimir Rodas …- More misery to come? -As well as thousands of people from inside a 20-kilometer (12-mile) radius around Calbuco, some 4,000 sheep were also to be evacuated. Farmers said they feared for their livelihoods.They are due to receive help to cover their huge losses, in a region that relies heavily on its agriculture and tourism industries for income.Calbuco’s fury was considered the fifth largest volcanic ash emission on record globally, experts say.However, she may not be done just yet.The national emergency office ONEMI maintained the 20-kilometer exclusion zone overs fears of another imminent eruption and scientists have kept a „red alert” in place.The 2,000-meter volcano last erupted in 1961 and showed light activity in 1972, according to official data. There have been no known fatalities from this week’s eruptions.It is the second volcano to erupt in Chile since March 3, when the Villarrica volcano emitted a brief but fiery burst of ash and lava.Chile has about 90 active volcanoes.
New Jersey doc, Google exec among Nepal earthquake victims on Everest Hours before avalanche, Marisa Eve Girawong wrote on Facebook that she was craving sushi. By Dylan Stableford11 hours ago
A Google executive-turned-mountain climber and New Jersey doctor working at a Mount Everest base camp were among three Americans killed in Saturday’s devastating earthquake in Nepal.Related Stories
Marisa Eve Girawong, a 28-year-old doctor from Edison, N.J., died in an avalanche that struck the base camp area after the 7.9 magnitude earthquake that killed more than 2,200 people, including more than a dozen on the world’s highest mountain.Seattle-based Madison Mountaineering confirmed Girawong’s death on its website.“It is with deep sorrow and profound grief that we can confirm the loss of our Everest/Lhotse base camp doctor,” Madison co-founder Kurt Hunterwrote in a blog post entitled “Our hearts are broken.”Girawong died at the expedition’s 17,500-foot elevation base camp. All 15 members of the expedition’s climbing team made it safely to Camp 2, where they were awaiting helicopter evacuation.According her bio on the mountaineering company’s site, Girawong, who was born in Thailand, had been a physician’s assistant working in a Level 1 emergency room “with a focus on trauma and wilderness medicine” when she joined the Everest expedition earlier this year.Marisa Eve Girawong (Facebook)She completed her medical training at John Stroger Hospital of Chicago and was in the process of completing a second master’s degree in mountain medicine at the University of Leicester in the United Kingdom, her bio said.Girawong, an avid rock climber and mountaineer, had been working in the Everest region for more about a year.“Officially the highest I’ve been so far at 5,550 meters/18,300 ft.,” she wrote on Facebook on April 12. “Never made it last year but finally got to the top of Kala Patthar.”Hours before the avalanche struck, Girawong wrote on Facebook that it was snowing and she was craving sushi.“Day 28 on this arduous journey, snow is falling & my food cravings are at an all time high,”Girawong wrote. “Is a crunchy spicy tuna roll with eel sauce too much to ask for?”Sophia Bush and Dan Fredinburg in 2013. (Getty Images)Dan Fredinburg, a 33-year-old Google executive who was climbing Everest to raise awareness about climate change through his Save the Icecampaign, also died in the avalanche.“I regret to inform all who loved him that during the avalanche on Everest early this morning our Dan suffered from a major head injury and didn’t make it,” Fredinburg’s sister, Megan, wrote in a message posted to his Instagram account. “We appreciate all of the love that has been sent our way thus far and know his soul and his spirit will live on in so many of us. All our love and thanks to those who shared this life with our favorite hilarious strong willed man. He was and is everything to us. Thank you.”Actress Sophia Bush, who once dated Fredinburg, posted a long Instagram message mourning his loss:There are no adequate words. Today I find myself attempting to pick up the pieces of my heart that have broken into such tiny shards, I’ll likely never find them all. Today I, and so many of my loved ones, lost an incredible friend. Dan Fredinburg was one-of-a-kind. Fearless. Funny. A dancing robot who liked to ride dinosaurs and chase the sun and envision a better future for the world. His brain knew how to build it. His heart was constantly evolving to push himself to make it so. He was one of my favorite human beings on Earth. He was one of the great loves of my life. He was one of my truest friends. He was an incredible brother, a brilliant engineer, and a damn good man. I’m devastated and simultaneously so deeply grateful to have known and loved him, and to have counted him as one of my tribe. I was so looking forward to our planned download of “all the things” when he got home. I am crushed that I will never hear that story. I am crushed knowing that there are over 1,000 people in Nepal suffering this exact feeling, knowing that they too will never hear another tale about an adventure lived from someone that they love. Disasters like this are often unquantifiable, the enormity is too much to understand. Please remember that each person who is now gone was someone’s Dan. Please remember that our time on this Earth is not guaranteed. Please tell those you love that you do. Right now. This very minute. And please send a kiss to the sky for my friend Dan. His energy is so big and so bright, and it’s all around us, so put some love toward him today. And then hug your loved ones again. #goodbyesweetfriend #savetheice #NepalAccording to his LinkedIn page, Fredinburg — a self-described “Google Adventurer” — worked on Google’s privacy team, helping bring Google’s Street View project to some of the world’s most famous mountains, including Kilimanjaro and Everest.Fredinburg near Everest base camp, April 24, 2015. (Dab Fredinburg/Instagram)”Sadly, we lost one of our own in this tragedy,”Google’s Lawrence You wrote in a message to colleagues. „Dan Fredinburg a long-time member of the Privacy organization in Mountain View, was in Nepal with three other Googlers, hiking Mount Everest. He has passed away. The other three Googlers with him are safe and we are working to get them home quickly.”Google is committing $1 million to earthquake response efforts, he added.Fredinburg, who survived an avalanche on Everest last year, was remembered by Save the Ice cofounder Mike North.“Dan was a mountaineer/explorer because he loved to climb/see the world, but that was never the whole point,” North said in a statement. “His purpose in the world was much bigger. Much of it revolved around calling attention to how we as individuals can make a difference.”A Crowdrise campaign launched in Fredinburg’s memory has raised more than $10,000 in support of two Nepali orphanages he was also climbing for.“Day 22,” Fredinburg wrote on Instagram on April 24. “Ice training … means frequent stops for morning cappuccino, regardless of danger.”On Sunday, the U.S. State Department confirmed three U.S. citizens were killed in earthquake, but did not release their names.
Robbery saved 9 Greek climbers from Nepal quake 7 hours agoPeople look at the devastation after an avalanche triggered by an earthquake flattened parts of Everest Base Camp (AFP Photo/Robeto Schmidt)Related Stories
Athens (AFP) – Nine Greek climbers who were robbed by a sherpa guide in Kathmandu told Sunday of their lucky escape after heading home from Nepal the day before an earthquake triggered the deadliest disaster in Mount Everest’s history.”We arrived in Kathmandu last week and there we discovered that our sherpa had disappeared with the money we had given him,” Nerit Sophoclis Paitis, one of the climbers told Nerit, Greek public television.”We reported the incident to the Nepali authorities then decided to return to Greece on Friday, the eve of the earthquake. In the end we were lucky, but we have friends at the (Everest) camps who are living through very difficult moments,” he added.The group was comprised of nine Greeks and nine Indians, all of whom got out safely.Saturday’s 7.8-magnitude quake in Nepal killed more than 2,500 people, the worst disaster to hit the impoverished Himalayan nation in more than 80 years.Eighteen of the victims died after an avalanche at the Everest base camp, with another 60 injured.Powerful aftershocks rocked Nepal Sunday.
Ukraine marks 29 years since Chernobyl disaster 5 hours ago Slavutych (Ukraine) (AFP) – Ukrainians on Sunday marked 29 years since the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, placing wreaths and candles near the plant where work to lay a new seal over the reactor site has been delayed.The explosion of reactor number four on April 26, 1986, spewed poisonous radiation over large parts of Europe, particularly Ukraine, Belarus and Russia.At 1:23 am (2223 GMT Saturday), the exact time of the explosion, hundreds of people placed flowers and candles in the dark at the foot of a monument in Slavutych, a town 50 kilometres (30 miles) from the plant.Slavutych was built to rehouse Chernobyl workers who had lived near the plant and were forced to move further away after the disaster.At the site of the plant itself, around 100 kilometres from Kiev, Ukraine’s President Petro Poroshenko laid a wreath at a monument to the victims.
The human toll of the disaster is still disputed.A handout picture taken and released on April 26, 2015 by the Ukrainian presidential press service s …United Nations experts officially recognised 31 deaths among plant workers and firefighters directly linked to the blast.But environmental group Greenpeace has suggested there would be around 100,000 additional cancer deaths caused by the disaster.The Soviet authorities of the time dispatched hundreds of thousands of people to put out the fire and clean the site, without proper protection.They hastily laid over the reactor site a concrete cover dubbed „the sarcophagus”, which is now cracking and must be replaced.A spokesperson for UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said in statement: „We stand in solidarity with the millions who have been traumatised by lingering fears about their health and livelihoods”.An elderly woman pays her respects to the victims of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster at a memorial in …The UN Action Plan on Chernobyl will come to an end on December 31 and so UN officials have initiated a series of consultations „to define the vision for post-2016 international cooperation”, it added.Ban called for „a forward-looking strategy designed to further help the recovery of the affected areas and to work together for greater nuclear safety worldwide.”Poroshenko on Sunday inspected ongoing work on a new 20,000-tonne steel cover — a project estimated to cost more than two billion euros ($2.2 billion).It is financed by international donations managed by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).The structure will contain technology that will act beneath the cover to decontaminate the area once the steel layer is in place. Officials say the new cover will last for 100 years.The work is being done by Novarka, a joint venture by French companies Vinci and Bouygues.Poroshenko said the new cover would „protect forever” against radiation from the site.The work had been scheduled for completion by the end of this year but the EBRD said last year technical problems would delay it until late 2017.
Europe recalls the horror 70 years after Nazi camps liberated 7 hours ago .Natzwiller (France) (AFP) – European leaders on Sunday remembered the atrocities of concentration camps run by the Nazis and their allies during the Second World War with ceremonies in Germany, Croatia and France.At the site of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany the president of the World Jewish Congress, Ronald Lauder, recalled the shock of the first images to emerge from the camp when it was liberated 70 years ago.”We saw the bulldozers pushing naked bodies into open pits. The walking skeletons. The unbelievable sadness and loss,” he said at a ceremony attended by around 70 survivors.The sombre and emotional scenes were mirrored at Jasenovac in Croatia, where families, officials and diplomats gathered to remember the tens of thousands of victims, mostly Serbs and Jews, who were killed in one of the war’s most brutal concentration camps.In France, President Francois Hollande warned that the continued existence of racism and anti-Semitism meant „the worst could yet return”, as he led commemorations at Struthof in the Alsace region, site of the only Nazi camp on French soil.More than 50,000 deportees from across Europe lost their lives at the Bergen-Belsen camp in western Germany between 1941 and 1945, including the young Jewish diarist Anne Frank, in addition to 20,000 prisoners of war.A member of a British Motorcycle group wearing a kippa pays respect at a memorial dedicated to victi …German President Joachim Gauck paid tribute to the British soldiers who freed the camp and restored „humanity” to the country.”With their actions and their approach, driven by humanity, a new epoch began. People, the former ‘master race’, would see that human sympathy can indeed be learned,” said Gauck.”As such, they were the shining counter-example to the advancing Germans who in the years before conquered, subjugated, enslaved and plundered Europe.”- The horrors of Jasenovac -In Croatia, the commemorations marked the 70th anniversary of an attempted escape by around 600 inmates from the Jasenovac death camp, known as „Croatia’s Auschwitz”.German President Joachim Gauck attends a memorial service on April 26, 2015 at the site of the forme …The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum estimates that 100,000 people — mainly Serbs, Jews, Roma and anti-fascist Croatians — were killed there. Serbia claims the figure could be as high as 700,000.Many had their throats cut with specially designed knives. Others were burned alive in furnaces.As anti-Nazi partisans approached shortly after the escape attempt, the prison guards abandoned the camp, killing remaining inmates and burning down the buildings and torture chambers as they left.”The horrors of Jasenovac warn us… not to allow discrimination and persecution based on national, religious, ideological or gender differences ever again,” parliamentary speaker Josip Leko said.Croatia has sought to distance itself from the pro-Nazi Ustasha regime which set up the camp in 1941 and focus on the country’s anti-Nazi partisans.Croatian Prime Minister Zoran Milanovic lays a wreath of flowers at the Jasenovac memorial site duri …”There was only one Croatian army during World War II and these were Croatian partisans,” said Prime Minister Zoran Milanovic.- ‘Fight has not ended’ -France marked the National Day of Deportation on Sunday, recalling the role the collaborationist French regime played in assisting the Nazi genocide.Its leaders drew comparisons with current affairs, as concern over anti-Semitism has once again topped the political agenda in the wake of jihadist attacks in Paris in January, which included a deadly siege at a Jewish supermarket.”Knowledge of history doesn’t protect us from the worst… anti-Semitism and racism still exist,” said Hollande in Natzwiller, site of the Struthof camp where around 50,000 were imprisoned, including many resistance fighters from across the continent.President Francois Hollande (C), European Council President Donald Tusk (L) and Secretary-General of …”We must act… to protect those who may till be victims today,” he added, evoking the thousands of migrants attempting the perilous journey across the Mediterranean to reach Europe from Africa and the Middle East.The EU’s president Donald Tusk, parliamentary leader Martin Schulz and Latvian Prime Minister Laimdota Straujuma were among those who attended the ceremony with Hollande.Speaking earlier at a memorial visit in Paris, French Prime Minister Manuel Valls said: „The fight against barbarity has not ended. Without forgetting the past, we must continue the fight of our elders.”Back in Bergen-Belsen, there is little left of the Nazi camp, torched by British troops shortly after it was liberated on April 15, 1945 to prevent the spread of deadly diseases.Susanna Christiansen, 82, who survived the camp but whose father died three days after the liberation, told news agency DPA it was overwhelming to return.”I feel emptiness, pain and sadness.”
Sudan’s pyramids, nearly as grand as Egypt’s, go unvisited
By MAGGIE MICHAEL13 hours ago AL-BEGRAWIYA, Sudan (AP) — The small, steep pyramids rising up from the desert hills of northern Sudan resemble those in neighboring Egypt, but unlike the famed pyramids of Giza, the Sudanese site is largely deserted.The pyramids at Meroe, some 200 kilometers (125 miles) north of Sudan’s capital, Khartoum, are rarely visited despite being a UNESCO World Heritage site like those in Egypt. Sanctions against the government of longtime President Omar al-Bashir over Sudan’s long-running internal conflicts limit its access to foreign aid and donations, while also hampering tourism.The site, known as the Island of Meroe because an ancient, long-dried river ran around it, once served as the principle residence of the rulers of the Kush kingdom, known as the Black Pharaohs. Their pyramids, ranging from 6 meters (20 feet) to 30 meters (100 feet) tall, were built between 720 and 300 B.C. The entrances usually face east to greet the rising sun.The pyramids bear decorative elements inspired by Pharaonic Egypt, Greece and Rome, according to UNESCO, making them priceless relics. However, overeager archaeologists in the 19th century tore off the golden tips of some pyramids and reduced some to rubble, said Abdel-Rahman Omar, the head of the National Museum of Sudan in Khartoum.On a recent day, a few tourists and white camels roamed the site, watched by a handful of security guards. Sudan’s tourism industry has been devastated by economic sanctions imposed over the conflicts in Darfur and other regions. Al-Bashir’s government, which came to power following a bloodless Islamist coup in 1989, has struggled to care for its antiquities.Qatar has pledged $135 million to renovate and support Sudan’s antiquities in the last few years. But Omar said Sudan still receives just 15,000 tourists per year.
Picture it: A 1,000-year exposure showing a changing Earth
By BOB SALSBERG10 hours agoe AMHERST, Mass. (AP) — If a picture is worth a thousand words, then Jonathon Keats figures a picture can also span a thousand years.Keats, a San Francisco writer and self-described experimental philosopher and conceptual artist, has designed a „millennium camera” that he intends to mount in a churchless steeple on a college campus and chronicle climate change by taking a 1,000-year exposure of a western Massachusetts mountain range.If it seems far-fetched, consider that some of Keats’ previous endeavors include selling tracts of real estate in the theoretical extra dimensions of space-time; opening a photosynthetic restaurant that serves gourmet sunlight to plants; choreographing honeybees; copyrighting his own mind to give his „intellectual property” a 70-year post-life extension; and, controversially, joining in a bid to genetically engineer God.Even at his quirkiest, Keats notes he always has a serious message to deliver, and in the case of the millennium camera — a cylindrical device small and light enough to hold in one hand but hopefully durable enough to survive the centuries — it’s encouraging people to think beyond their own human lifespan to what geologists call deep time, the lengthy periods in which the world changes on a grand scale.”We need to find a way to think in deep time if we are to responsibly make use of the technologies we have,” he says. „So the camera is intended, in a sense, as a mental prosthesis, as a way of creating some sort of a feedback loop in deep time, where setting up the camera now, looking out into the far future, allows for people who are alive in the far future to see the decisions we made through the effect that they had.”But will it work?An exhibit at the Mead Art Museum on the Amherst College campus displays Jonathon Keats’ „m …Even Keats can’t say for sure. Nor is he certain humans will be around in 3015. Nor, assuming they are, that someone will know to retrieve the camera and open it.A thousand years is, after all, a long time. In 1015, the Norman conquest of England was still more than 50 years away, the first crusade was more than 80 years away, and Columbus would not reach the New World for another 477 years.The camera, Keats explains, is very simple, so simple that nothing mechanically should fail. „Which of course is the wrong thing to say, because then it will,” he quickly adds.It begins as the old science fair standby, the pinhole camera, which allows light to enter through a tiny aperture. But since pinhole cameras aren’t designed to last a thousand years, Keats made his of copper because of its resistance to corrosion. The pinhole he pierced through a rugged 24-karat gold plate.To capture the exposure, Keats adapted a Renaissance art technique by using rose madder, a sturdy, organic-based oil paint, applied directly to the copper in the back of the camera. Digital photography was impractical, and he ruled out using film because it would deteriorate too quickly and besides, there’s always the chance by 3015 that society will revert to another dark age, without photochemical processing skills.Jonathon Keats shakes Crystal Valentine’s hand as Jose Rodriguez waits to speak with Keats after …”All you have to do is open up the camera and you’ll see the image,” Keats says.That image will be of the Holyoke Range, a modest but picturesque mountain chain that scientists believe has existed for 200 million years. What a denizen of the 31st century would see is not a before-and-after image, not what today we might call time-lapse photography, but rather one picture depicting a millennium of change.For example, if the now heavily forested area were to gradually turn to grasslands, the trees, Keats predicts, will linger on the photograph as ghostly reminders of a prior period, set against the bolder outline of the more recent landscape.”So what you’re getting in a sense is … a movie of the full period, of the full thousand years, but all compressed into a single frame,” he says.Stearns Steeple at bucolic Amherst College, where Keats studied philosophy in the 1990s, will serve as the camera’s tripod of sorts. Once part of Stearns Church, the Gothic Revival steeple was retained as a freestanding structure after the church was demolished in 1949. Keats hopes such resiliency bodes well for its long-term survival.Jonathon Keats poses holding a version of his „millennium camera” designed to make a 100-y …The camera is currently on display steps away from the steeple at the school’s Mead Art Museum, where it has generated a mix of interest and skepticism from visitors, according to the museum’s curator, Vanja Malloy.”It might seem silly, and people might say, ‘What’s the point of a camera with an exposure you’ll never see in your lifetime, what’s the point of any of it?'” Malloy says. „But the fact that it is provocative in that way is what’s so powerful about it.”Later this spring, Keats will ascend a harrowing set of wooden stairs inside the dusty steeple, position the camera and open its shutter, beginning what he believes will be history’s longest exposure. He hasn’t sought a patent for the device, which he estimates costs about $100 in raw materials to build, saying he wants others to copy it and place their own millennium cameras strategically around the world.”I’m well overstating the case for these cameras,” he concedes. „I realize (it) may seem like a supreme act of egotism. It’s probably also an extreme act of naivety on my part. But I think you just have to give it a try.”And yes, the museum does plan to exhibit the photograph in 3015.