Chile’s Calbuco volcano erupts for third time By Miguel Sanchez6 hours ago Santiago (AFP) – Southern Chile’s Calbuco volcano erupted again Thursday, releasing a large column of smoke in a towering arc, just over a week after it spectacularly roared to life following half a century of inactivity.Related Stories
„As predicted, the third eruptive pulse at the Calbuco volcano has arrived. Red alert,” the National Geology and Mines Service wrote on its official Twitter account, with experts warning that the volcano may not be done just yet.A large plume of dark gray smoke and ash rose from the crater, prompting authorities to once again evacuate a 20-kilometer (12-mile) radius around the volcano, where workers and residents had been granted limited access to begin the clean-up effort.”All of a sudden they ordered us to evacuate again so we left in our cars. But it was calmer than last time,” said Horacio Camano, a resident of La Ensenada, a town of 1,500 people at the foot of the volcano.TV images showed thousands of people rushing to schools to pick up their children or lining up at gas stations to fill up their cars in the cities closest to the volcano, Puerto Montt and Puerto Varas.Officials said the latest eruption was less powerful than two previous ones last Wednesday and Thursday, when Calbuco surprised residents of the Los Lagos region by rumbling to life after 54 years of inactivity, prompting authorities to evacuate more than 6,000 people and declare a state of emergency.A view of the Calbuco volcano from Puerto Montt, southern Chile, on April 30, 2015 (AFP Photo/Carlos …But the volcano remains unstable, warned the head of the National Geology and Mines Service, Rodrigo Alvarez.”This third eruption does not mean the eruptive situation of the Calbuco volcano is over,” he said.Last week the volcano belched a 15-kilometer column of ash into the air before spewing bursts of bright orange and red lava into the night sky, criss-crossed by lightning bolts generated by the static electricity built up in the magma.The twin eruptions ejected ash that blanketed the region and disrupted flights across a broad swath of South America.The latest eruption was „considerably smaller,” said Deputy Interior Minister Mahmud Aley.A view of the Calbuco volcano from Puerto Montt, southern Chile, on April 30, 2015 (AFP Photo/Carlos …”The ash column does not rise higher than four kilometers,” he said.”We shouldn’t see any major complications, apart from those that residents will face to the south of the volcano,” where the ash cloud was drifting, he said.Across the border in Argentina, the resort town of Bariloche declared an alert, and several flights were cancelled at the local airport.- Covered in ash -Prior to last week, the 2,000-meter volcano had last erupted in 1961 and showed light activity in 1972.A man rests after cleaning his house, which was affected by the Calbuco volcano eruption, in La Ense …It is located about 1,300 kilometers south of Santiago, in a region popular with tourists for its scenic mountain landscapes dotted with volcanoes and lakes with black-sand beaches.There have been no reports of casualties from any of the eruptions.It is the second volcano to erupt in Chile since March 3, when the Villarrica volcano emitted a brief but fiery burst of ash and lava.Chile has about 90 active volcanoes.The long, thin country has been hit by a series of natural disasters in recent months, from flooding in its usually arid north, home to the world’s driest desert, to wildfires in its drought-hit southern forests.Last week’s eruptions will cost the Los Lagos region an estimated $600 million, said the head of the Puerto Varas Chamber of Commerce.Besides its thriving tourism economy, the region is the heart of Chile’s salmon industry, the world’s second-largest, and has around 30 percent of the country’s cattle.Many salmon farms had their water supplies contaminated by the volcanic ash, which also covered large amounts of farmland, forcing the evacuation of hundreds of cattle and thousands of sheep.
Magnitude-3.4 Earthquake Strikes Near Carson by KTLA – Los Angeles 0:49 mins An earthquake with a magnitude of 3.4 hit near Carson Thursday morning, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. This story aired on the KTLA 5 Morning News on April 30, 2015.
Messenger’s final image before crashing into the surface of Mercury The unmanned Messenger probe has completed its Mercury mission, going out with a bang.by Michelle Starr @riding_red April 30, 2015 5:41 PM PDTNASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of WashingtonMercury probe Messenger‘s mission has finally come to a close, with the spacecraft hurtling into the planet’s surface at a speed of 8,750 mph (14,082 kph) at 3:26 p.m. EDT on Thursday.As it plummeted, having used the last of its fuel to position itself into the gravitational pull of Mercury, the probe still continued to take photographs of the planet’s surface. The final image transmitted back to Earth is of the floor of the 58-mile-wide (93 km) Jokai crater.Messenger’s impact would have created a small crater of its own, estimated to be about 50 feet in diameter.RELATED ARTICLES
The probe, which was originally planned for a one-year mission, was launched on August 3, 2004, reaching Mercury orbit in March 2011. It then went on to spend the next four years studying the Swift Planet in an unprecedented level of detail, quadrupling its expected mission length.”Going out with a bang as it impacts the surface of Mercury, we are celebrating Messenger as more than a successful mission,” said John Grunsfeld, associate administrator for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate in Washington.”The Messenger mission will continue to provide scientists with a bonanza of new results as we begin the next phase of this mission — analysing the exciting data already in the archives, and unravelling the mysteries of Mercury.”The impact occurred on the far side of Mercury, so NASA scientists were unable to observe it directly. Instead, the impact was confirmed at 3:40 p.m. EDT, at the time the probe was due to reappear from behind the planet. In addition, the NASA Deep Space Network Radio Science team independently confirmed the loss of a signal from Messenger.NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of WashingtonThe probe’s important discoveries include the surface composition of Mercury; its geological history; its polar ice deposits; and that its magnetic field is offset from the planet’s centre.”Today we bid a fond farewell to one of the most resilient and accomplished spacecraft to ever explore our neighbouring planets,” said Sean Solomon, Messenger’s principal investigator and director of Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory in Palisades, New York.”A resourceful and committed team of engineers, mission operators, scientists, and managers can be extremely proud that the Messenger mission has surpassed all expectations and delivered a stunningly long list of discoveries that have changed our views — not only of one of Earth’s sibling planets, but of the entire inner solar system.”
What It’s Like To Smoke Pot Every Day For 50 Years Just Say Yes, she’s coming out to the entire world about her her years of high adventures.“A lot of readers have contacted me and told me how grateful they are that I’ve come out,” she says. “Some of these people are younger than I am and may have jobs or political ambitions so they can’t come out. They’re really grateful for someone who can. They tell me I’m their hero.”We can debate legalization and the scientific effects of marijuana on the human body, but we won’t. This is Hiller’s story — she has a lot of things to say. And no, she was not high during this interview. What turned you on to the idea of smoking marijuana?“By the ‘60s I’d been hearing about it for a long time. The more I heard about it, the more it seemed like it was going to be my kind of thing—I just felt it would be. My problem was I didn’t know how to smoke, so I had to teach myself in preparation for the great day someone would offer me a joint—and it happened!It was the autumn of my first year of college. A guy I was dating simply produced two joints one night, and I was thrilled.Related: 5 Sex Tips Real Sexperts Actually UseMy first hit was like everybody’s first time: I didn’t feel a thing! Then we went into a bar, and suddenly, I did feel it. What I really felt first was the most amazing hunger I had ever had in my life, which I thought was hilarious because I had just had dinner. I began to laugh and laugh. We ordered a hamburger—at least I did—and it was the best food I ever had in my life.”How did your upbringing affect your outlook on weed?“I had a wonderful mother. My father was great too—he was a social activist—but they got divorced when I was three. It’s been mostly my mom and my stepdad. We lived in Greenwich Village, we had a great time, and they were left-wing. But: Their generation was not into smoking pot. They never really got into it even when I tried to convince them later on in my 20s and 30s. In terms of growing up, I didn’t feel like I was rebelling. I was simply doing what the most forward people in my generation at that time were doing.”Catherine Hiller, 68, is a stoner. She’s a mother of three boys, author of six books, and has been lighting up for nearly half a century. She’s never hidden her habit—except from her kids when they were younger, and maybe some neighbors. And in her new memoir,
Guy Pours Molten Aluminum Into Watermelon, Unintentionally Makes Art The Huffington Post | By Dominique Mosbergen Posted: Updated: If you poured molten aluminum into a watermelon, what would happen?You’d create art, apparently.That’s what transpired when YouTube’s “The Backyard Scientist” attempted the unlikely experiment.In the video above, watch as the Scientist heats up some aluminum, before pouring it into the hollowed-out fruit.He said he expected the watermelon to explode, but something surprising occurred.“What happened is the aluminum found little channels throughout the watermelon that connected the seed chambers to each other, and this caused this awesome casting to happen,” the YouTuber said in the clip, adding that the result was “totally unintentional.”The watermelon experiment is reminiscent of a 2013 viral video which showed an artist creating intricate castings by pouring molten aluminum into fire ant hills.Needless to say, we don’t recommend trying either of these red-hot experiments at home.