Earthquake hits city of Volcano in Hawaii By Evelyn Andrews, Special to CNN Updated 2226 GMT (0526 HKT) June 28, 2015The white crosshairs show the location of Saturday’s earthquake. Dots indicate past earthquakes.(CNN)An earthquake struck the Hawaiian city of Volcano on Saturday evening.The magnitude-5.2 earthquake was followed by five aftershocks, the largest of them registering at magnitude 3.1, according to the U.S. Geological Survey’s Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. No injuries have been reported.No stranger to earthquakes, the island of Hawaii has experienced 94 earthquakes in the past two weeks, the largest of them being the one that occurred on Saturday.Hawaiian volcano erupts, lava lake sees record heights 01:01PLAY VIDEOTsunamis are a concern on the island, but a tsunami is not expected this time, according to the National Weather Service’s Pacific Tsunami Warning Center. However, some areas may have experienced some shaking.The city of Volcano is aptly named since it lies on the border of Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park. The park is home to two active volcanoes, including one of the world’s most active, Kīlauea, which is near the site of the earthquake.Earthquakes can affect the eruption status of volcanoes, but no significant change in activity has been detected, according to the U.S. Geological Survey’s Hawaiian Volcano Observatory.
Are We Headed For Global Warming Collapse? By Ron PattersonJune 27, 2015 8:00 PM This is the first of several posts I will do on Global Collapse. I am not saying, right here anyway, that civilization as we know it will collapse, but I am asking the question: “Can collapse be avoided?” This post will deal with global warming and the associated climate change.Right now CO2 is higher than it has been in over 20 million years. But it has been higher, a lot higher.The chart below was published in the Worldwatch Institute’s State of the World 2015 and the source of their data was Goddard Institute for Space StudiesWhat this chart clearly shows is that global warming, so far, is primarily a northern hemisphere phenomenon and mostly above 60 degrees latitude.Related: Major Shift In Asian Commodity Demand Already UnderwayArctic still heating up twice as fast as rest of planet. Annual average temperatures have continued to rise for the region as a whole throughout the recent slowdown in the pace of warming globally, according to a new analysis of conditions above 60 degrees north latitude.The ocean, especially the arctic ocean, is warming much faster than the atmosphere.In fact, the loss of reflective sea ice is part of the reason Arctic temperature has risen three times faster than the global average in recent decades. This effect, known as Arctic amplification, has consequences for nearby land ice, too.But why is the Northern Well for one reason that’s where most of the people are. That’s where most of the CO2 emissions comes from. But… don’t the air mix from north to south?How long does it take something in the atmosphere of the northern hemisphere to appear in the atmosphere of the southern hemisphere? The best answer I could come up with was about six months. (I am not at all confident that six months is correct however.) Anyway that is clearly way too short a time for CO2 to have such a different effect on the temperature between the two hemispheres. But what about methane?Concern Over Catastrophic Methane Release(Global distribution of methane averaged over 2011 by NASA/AIRS. Note the very high concentrations in the Arctic region. For this map, the highest concentrations occur in the Yedoma region of Russia, a region of multiplying methane emitting tundra melt and Thermokarst lakes [see below]. Image source: NASA/AIRS.)Methane mixing ratio here is parts per million and the chart goes from 1.71 to 1.85. That is not a big difference but if it takes an average of 6 months for the atmosphere, north to south, to mix then that means there must be a continuous release of methane from the Arctic area.Here are the measurements in parts per billion as measured by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, a department of the US Department of Energy.Methane Concentrations, February 2014
Prehistoric ……………….. 722 PPB ……… Ice Core measurements.
Northern Hemisphere 1893 PPB …….. Mace Head, Ireland
Southern Hemisphere 1762 PPB …….. Cape Grim, Tasmania
Pre-industrial concentrations of CH4 are evident in the 2000-year records from Law Dome, Antarctica and longer ice-core records found on CDIAC’s collection of data access links to atmospheric trace gases. A spline function fit to those data gives 697 ppm for year 1750, but this may be lower than the global average if agricultural sources in the Northern Hemisphere were already contributing nontrivially. For graphs of two-thousand-year records of CH4, CO2 and N2O concentrations are found here.The above charts only go to the year 2000. The atmospheric methane has jumped about 400 parts per billion in just the last 15 years. Also notice that the methane concentration as measured from Mace Head, Ireland in February 2014, 1893 ppb, is higher than the highest point on the global chart above, as measured in 2011, 1885 ppb.But where is all this methane coming from? From the melting methane clathrates, (sometimes called hydrates), in the ocean crust and arctic permafrost.Mysterious Giant Crater-like Structures Found near New-ZealandA multinational team of researchers led by marine geophysicist Dr. Bryan Davy from GNS Science has found what may be the world’s biggest pockmarks on the seafloor about 310 miles east of Christchurch, New Zealand.Related: Latest DOE Report Slams Canada’s Oil SandsThe above is an artist creation of what the pockmarks look like on the seafloor.Scientists believe they are the ancient remnants of vigorous degassing from under the seafloor into the ocean. The structures (the largest being 6.8 miles by 3.7 miles in diameter and 328 feet deep) are at water depths of about 0.6 miles and there is currently no sign of gas being emitted from them.The team investigated the larger seafloor structures on the German research ship Sonne. Their aim was to determine the geological origin of the structures, which were first noted in 2007.And the below link is the results of that study.Gas escape features off New Zealand: Evidence of massive release of methane from hydratesAbstract Multibeam swath bathymetry data from the southwest margin of the Chatham Rise, New Zealand, show gas release features over a region of at least 20,000 km2. Gas escape features, interpreted to be caused by gas hydrate dissociation, include an estimated a) 10 features, 8–11 km in diameter and b) 1,000 features, 1–5 km in diameter, both at 800–1,100 m water depth. An estimated 10,000 features, ∼150 m in diameter, are observed at 500–700 m water depth. In the latter depth range sub-bottom profiles show similar gas escape features (pockmarks) at disconformities interpreted to mark past sea-level low stands. The amount of methane potentially released from hydrates at each of the largest features is ∼7*1012 g. If the methane from a single event at one 8–11 km scale pockmark reached the atmosphere, it would be equivalent to ∼3% of the current annual global methane released from natural souces into the atmosphere.3% from just one pockmark and there are thousands of them on the seafloor:Pen Bay pockmarks as big as the Rose BowlThe seafloor of Penobscot Bay has been in the news quite a bit lately due to controversy around a proposed dredging project in Searsport. A little-discussed aspect of the dredge proposal is that the Army Corp of Engineers is proposing to deposit the dredge spoils into an expansive cavern on the sea floor in western Penobscot Bay, called a “pockmark.”These pockmarks in the Barents Sea are believed to be only 10,000 to 12,000 years old, dating back to the end of the last ice age. The long grooves here in the sea floor was caused by ice pushing across the seafloor. Therefore the pockmarks have to be younger than the melting of the ice.Sometimes they happen on dry land. This is a small one, below, only 100 feet across.But that year, 2014, also saw something else. A potential catastrophic release of methane. For in the frozen region of Yamal, Russia the earth near a remote Siberian village began to destabilize. Soon after, according to eyewitness accounts, the area began to smoke. Then, with a bright flash, the ground erupted.When the smoke cleared, a massive crater was found where only flat, frozen tundra was there before. A giant plug of frozen earth had been ejected violently. And all that remained was an ominous gray-black crater.Related: Why Buffett Bet A Billion On SolarResearchers investigating the crater found 10 percent atmospheric methane concentrations at its base.I have watched well over a dozen “Methane Bomb” videos on Youtube. Most, but not all, predict a catastrophe in just a few years. Some, especially those by Guy McPherson, predict the total extinction of human beings as well as most other life. They call it “the firing of the clathrate gun”. And when it goes off, all life as we know it will be destroyed. I don’t believe it! For one reason the clathrate gun has been fired many times before. The last time was just ten to twelve thousand years ago. But then there was no real methane spike in the atmosphere.But there was massive global warming at this time. But the warming was relative, we went from a deep ice age to the normal weather we have experienced since the melting of the ice. I have no idea why the methane did not show up in the ice core but it could have had something to do with the fact that little ice was laid down during this period. That is it was a time of the great ice melting.My Conclusions We are well past the point of no return. Given the delay between greenhouse gas emissions and the actual warming of the atmosphere, there is no way we can possibly stop it. Given the forty year delay between cause and effect, even if we completely stopped the emissions of greenhouse gasses today, it would still be forty years before we saw the first changes from our actions. And we all know we are not going to stop emissions, the best we can hope for is a slowing down of emissions. And it is way, way too late for that to help at all.If we accept that greenhouse gases are warming the planet, the next concept that needs to be grasped is that it takes time, and we have not yet seen the full rise in temperature that will occur as a result of the CO2 we have already emitted…The reason the planet takes several decades to respond to increased CO2 is the thermal inertia of the oceans.The trigger has already been pulled, the methane explosion has already started, the atmosphere is getting warmer but the oceans are getting even warmer. And it will get worse, a lot worse, but it will not lead to total extinction of the human species as Guy McPherson predicts. It will be bad but not that bad.It has all happened before.The last methane release, or clathrate gun was fired a mere ten to twelve thousand years ago. But it was muffled by a world with one third of its land covered by ice. The melting of the ice absorbed the heat and all that happened was that the ice age disappeared. But it has happened before when the earth had very little ice cover. And the winter temperatures at some parts of the Antarctic averaged 50 degrees F, (10 degrees C).Tropical climate in the Antarctic: Palm trees once thrived on today’s icy coasts 52 million years agoIn an area where the Antarctic ice sheet borders the Southern Ocean today, frost-sensitive and warmth-loving plants such as palms and the ancestors of today’s baobab trees flourished 52 million years ago. The scientists’ evaluations show that the winter temperatures on the Wilkes Land coast of Antarctica were warmer than 10 degrees Celsius at that time, despite three months of polar night.Also the Antarctic, 52 million years ago, was in pretty much the same place it is today. So we cannot use the excuse that the Antarctic continent was much further north.Also there was intense global warming 90 and 150 million years ago as well as many other times in the geological past. There were many extinctions but life survived. And the laws of physics have not changed. There were deep carbon deposits in the past, there were methane clathrates in the past and the clathrate gun has gone off before. So it is extremely likely that, in the past, there were sudden surges, taking only a few decades, for the global temperature to jump several degrees.No doubt that there will be more extinctions but life will survive. And given humans can adapt to almost any environment, and in their enormous numbers, occupy every habitual niche in the world, there will be human survivors.And anyway, there are other possible catastrophes that are likely to hit way before global warming starts to have catastrophic effects.By Ron Patterson
Season’s First Big Dust Storm Pummels Phoenix Metropolitan Area By The Associated Press Published Jun 28 2015 11:14 PM EDT weather.comIn this Saturday, June 27, 2015 photo provided by Melissa Edwards, a dust storm blows through Vertuccio Farms in Mesa, Arizona. The first big dust storm of the monsoon season slammed the Phoenix area on Saturday with winds snapping utility poles and leaving thousands without power. (Melissa Edwards via AP) Thousands of Phoenix, Arizona, residents were without power Saturday after the season’s first big dust storm pummeled the area, snapping utility poles.Electricity was restored to most customers by Sunday, according to Arizona Public Service and Salt River Project, metropolitan Phoenix’s biggest utilities.14,000 APS customers were initially without power, and more than 15,000 SRP customers were without power at one point during the evening.(MORE: Woman Killed by Lightning Strike While Hiking in Northern Arizona)According to the National Weather Service, winds were up to 51 mph around Sky Harbor International Airport. There were also isolated showers in communities such as Globe and Carefree.There have been no reports of serious storm-related injuries.Motorists are advised against driving in blowing dust.MORE ON WEATHER.COM: Haboob The sky turned orange in Scottsdale, Ariz. during the Haboob. iWitness/Mikelp82
Western Wildfire Update: Lightning Sparks Dozens Of New Blazes In California Published Jun 28 2015 01:49 PM EDT weather.com Huge Wildfires Burning East of Los Angeles Meteorologist Bonnie Schneider talking about a week-long fire that’s come back to life and is burning just 90 miles east of Los Angeles. Dozens of new wildfires were sparked by hundreds of lightning bolts from a storm system that moved through California Saturday night.The Associated Press reports three dozen small blazes were started by the thunderstorms, the largest of which was just four acres, according to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection.Earlier in the day, fire crews were able to contain a fast-moving grass fire that swept through northern Sacramento Saturday, threatening multiple homes and prompting voluntary evacuations.Over 100 Sacramento Fire firefighters are on scene battling the Natomas Fire, which burned one structure and moved near the Placer County line, KCRA-TV reported.Fire crews worked to protect homes and other structures, Sacramento Fire said. When it was initially reported, the fire had burned five acres.Voluntary evacuation orders were issued earlier for the affected area.”South winds of around 10 mph were blowing in the vicinity of the fire when it began. Temperatures near 90 and humidity around 25 percent make this situation somewhat favorable for rapid fire spread, especially with any higher gusts,” said weather.com senior meteorologist Nick Wiltgen. (MORE: 120-Degree Temperatures Possible As Heat Wave Pushes On)Here’s an update on some of the other large fires burning in the West.Northern California More favorable weather conditions gave firefighters the edge they needed to make progress on a massive wildfire burning in southern California’s San Bernardino Mountains. The so-called Lake Fire had burned through more than 30,000 acres of land as of Sunday morning, but is now 50-percent contained. Friday’s weather was the biggest contributing factor to the firefighters’ success.”Conditions were cloudier on Friday, and as a result, high temperatures were 5 to 10 degrees lower than on Thursday,” said Wiltgen. „That, in turn, made the relative humidity a bit higher. Winds also appeared to be a bit lighter around the fire compared to previous days – another helpful factor for firefighters.”Days ago, mandatory evacuations were issued for several communities, but at this time, only the order for Burns Canyon remains in effect.Like PageSan Bernardino County FirePublic Services · 9,624 LikesJune 24 at 6:00pm · PHOTO OF THE DAY: #VLAT (Very Large Air Tanker) drops retardant on the #LakeFire in the #SanBernardinoCounty Mountains.Photo Credit: Crew 6-2A wildfire has grown to more than 17,000 acres in inaccessible terrain south of Lake Tahoe. The Washington Fire was 37 percent contained as of Sunday morning. More than 1,100 firefighters are battling the blaze ignited by lightning Friday about 20 miles west of the Nevada border.AlaskaWildfires in Alaska are spreading, but there have been no new evacuations from threatened communities.Tim Mowry, of the Alaska Division of Forestry, told NBC News that there have been 562 fires in Alaska so far this year – around 300 of which were still active – that have charred around 624,000 acres of lad.Follow Acreage burned in Alaska increased by almost 200,000 acres yesterday. Up to 624,496 acres. http://fire.ak.blm.gov/content/aicc/sitreport/current.pdf …Earlier this week, residents in threatened communities and rural neighborhoods fled during voluntary evacuations.Oregon A wildfire scorching a remote part of southwestern Oregon has grown to more than 8 square miles, but hundreds of firefighters have worked to get it more than halfway contained.Incident commander Doug Johnson said heat, lower humidity, gusty winds and possible thunderstorms are expected this week, which will test the containment lines. He says firefighters will remain vigilant.The lightning-sparked blaze started June 11 and is burning in the Rogue-River Siskiyou National Forest.
SpaceX rocket supplying space station explodes after Florida launch By Irene Klotz1 hour agoAn unmanned SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket explodes after liftoff from Cape Canaveral, Florida, June 28, 2015. …By Irene Klotz Related Stories
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – An unmanned SpaceX rocket exploded about two minutes after liftoff from Florida on Sunday, destroying a cargo ship bound for the International Space Station in the latest in a string of mishaps in supplying the orbiting outpost.The 208-foot-tall (63-meter) Falcon 9 rocket had flown 18 times previously since its 2010 debut, all successfully. Those missions included six station cargo runs for NASA under a 15-flight contract worth more than $2 billion.However SpaceX, a company founded and owned by technology entrepreneur Elon Musk, has twice previously tried and failed in an experiment to land the rocket on a platform in the ocean.Sunday’s accident soon after liftoff from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station was the second successive botched mission to resupply the space station. A Russian Progress cargo ship failed to reach the outpost in April following a problem with its Soyuz launcher.The cause of Sunday’s explosion was not yet clear, officials said.”This was a blow to us. We lost a lot of research equipment on this flight,” NASA Associate Administrator Bill Gerstenmaier told a news conference.The explosion also marks a setback for SpaceX, or Space Exploration Technologies. The company was poised to compete for the first time against United Launch Alliance, a joint venture of Lockheed Martin Corp and Boeing Co and the current sole launch provider for military and spy satellite launches, to launch a GPS III satellite.An unmanned Space Exploration Technologies Falcon 9 rocket launches in Cape Canaveral, Florida, June …An investigation into the explosion will ground the Falcon 9 rockets for „a number of months or so” but less than a year, SpaceX President Gwynne Shotwell told the news conference.A preliminary analysis indicated a problem with the rocket’s upper-stage engine, Musk said on Twitter.The company had hoped to use the rocket’s discarded 14-story-tall first stage in an innovative landing test, part of its overall goal to refurbish and refly its rockets, slashing launch costs.A platform had been stationed in the Atlantic Ocean in hopes of serving as a landing pad. Instead, the rocket broke apart in mid-air. Recovery teams were dispatched to attempt to collect debris for analysis.Two previous experiments, in January and April, came close to succeeding but technical problems caused the rockets to crash into the platform.SPACE STATION SUPPLIESThe International Space Station crew – two Russian cosmonauts and an American astronaut – has about four months of food and supplies on board, so the loss of the cargo shipment does not pose an immediate problem for them, said NASA station program manager Mike Suffredini.An unmanned SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launches from Cape Canaveral, Florida, June 28, 2015. REUTERS/Mik …The station is expected to be returned to its full, six-member crew in July. But if food or water supplies dwindled to 45 days, some of the crew could return home via the Russian Soyuz capsules that are parked at the outpost.Sunday’s accident leaves the United States temporarily dependent on Russia and Japan to resupply the station. NASA’s second cargo transporter, run by Orbital ATK, remains grounded following a launch accident in October.Russia hopes to return its troubled Soyuz rocket and Progress cargo ship to flight on Friday. Japan is slated to fly its HTV capsule to the station in August.Sunday’s problem started about two minutes and 19 seconds after liftoff when SpaceX lost contact with the Falcon, NASA launch commentator George Diller said.The accident occurred just before the rocket was to discard its first stage two minutes and 39 seconds after liftoff.Despite the explosion, one SpaceX customer voiced support in the company and the Falcon 9.”One inevitable failure for such a young system should not in any way shake anyone’s faith in the rocket or the team. What’s amazing is that it took this long to happen,” said Mike Gold, business operations director with Nevada-based Bigelow Aerospace.The Dragon capsule was loaded with 5,461 pounds (2,477 kg) of food, clothing, equipment and science experiments for the space station, a $100 billion research laboratory that flies about 260 miles (420 km) above Earth.Dragon is the only one of the four cargo ships flying to the station that can return science experiments and gear to Earth. The other spacecraft – Russia’s Progress, Orbital’s Cygnus and Japan’s HTV – burn up in the atmosphere after they make their deliveries and are released back into space.Equipment lost aboard Dragon include a spacesuit, water filtration equipment, an oxygen tank and a docking system so space taxis under development by SpaceX and Boeing can park at the station. NASA hopes to turn over crew transportation to the U.S. companies before the end of 2017, breaking Russia’s monopoly.Including its station cargo runs for NASA, SpaceX has a backlog of nearly 50 missions, worth more than $7 billion, including dozens of commercial communications satellites.The company last month won U.S. Air Force certification to fly military and national security missions on the Falcon 9.SpaceX holds a second NASA contract, worth up to $2.6 billion, to upgrade its Dragon capsule to fly astronauts to the station. Boeing’s contract is worth up $4.2 billion.(Reporting by Irene Klotz; Additional reporting by Andrea Shalal in Washington; Editing by Eric Beech and Frances Kerry)
Could you live tiny? Here’s how one couple found room for their dreams By Catherine ShermanJune 22, 2015 10:26 AM Our boots sloshed around in the mud. It was a dreary Pacific Northwest day filled with slate-colored clouds and the feeling it could downpour any minute.After several “pardon mes” and “coming throughs,” we got the tripod inside and forgot about the looming storm. We settled into a world of nooks and crannies, warm blankets — and the smell of chocolate.It’s what you do when you live in a tiny home. You get cozy. And you make brownies on a rainy day.Tina, the tiny homeCredit: Tom Hanny Leah Wymer and Brady Ryan’s house-on-wheels wasn’t some big, planned project. Wymer’s dad, a carpenter, thought it would be fun, so they bought a used trailer off Craigslist for $500 and started building.Two years later, the tiny home named Tina developed into “this huge thing.” Not a huge footprint — she’s only 98 square feet — but a huge, move-to-the-island and start-your-own-business thing.Redefining happiness From an apartment in Seattle, where they paid about $1,400 a month, Wymer and Ryan moved to a family farm on San Juan Island. They traded in a closet full of shoes for a pair of work boots and a house smaller than most people’s garage.Credit: Tom Hanny Ryan insists they aren’t “hardcore tiny homies” because his parents’ house is nearby. But for many owners of tiny homes it isn’t about escaping normal life or community, anyway.“We’ve had many times where we’ll sleep upstairs and then our friends, usually a couple, will sleep down here on the pull-out and it’s like a sleepover,” Ryan says. “I love sleepovers. I’m still a little kid at heart.”Credit: Tom HannyWymer says it instantly brings you closer because your proximity is so close, but she’s the first to admit living “tiny” isn’t for everyone.“If you leave your laundry on the ground, it’s in the kitchen,” she says. “Everything kind of overlaps a little bit.”But if you don’t mind things — and people — overlapping, making do with less can be life-changing.“Things don’t bring you happiness,” Wymer says. “Our lifestyle brings us happiness.”The cog in the wheelCredit: Tom HannyIt’s not easy making money on an island. Wymer has her own wedding-flower business, and Ryan keeps busy making honey and sea salt.“The tiny home is like the cog in the wheel that allows the whole thing to spin,” Ryan says. Not only are the couple’s living costs reduced significantly, but they’re able to do what they love most right in their backyard.“There have been a lot of times where I wonder if I’m dreaming, really, because of the beauty that is all around us,” Wymer says. “I love when it gets later in the season, and the grass comes up to your waist. …There is nothing like walking out there and brushing your hands against it.”Video and photos by Tom Hanny
The 100-year-old scientist who pushed the FDA to ban artificial trans fat The Washington Post Fred A. Kummerow, a 100-year-old University of Illinois professor, has warned about the dangers of artery-clogging trans fat for decades. (YouTube/Univ. of Illinois)No one was more pleased by the Food and Drug Administration’s decision Tuesday to eliminate artificial trans fats from the U.S. food supply than Fred Kummerow, a 100-year-old University of Illinois professor who has warned about the dangers of the artery-clogging substance for nearly six decades.”Science won out,” Kummerow, who sued the FDA in 2013 for not acting sooner, said in an interview from his home in Illinois. „It’s very important that we don’t have this in our diet.”[FDA moves to ban trans fat from the U.S. food supply]In the 1950s, as a young university researcher, Kummerow convinced a local hospital to let him examine the arteries of people who had died from heart disease. He made a jarring discovery. The tissue contained high levels of artificial trans fat, a substance that had been discovered decades earlier but had become ubiquitous in processed foods throughout the country.Later, he conducted a study showing that rats developed atherosclerosis after being fed artificial trans fats. When he removed the substance from their diets, the atherosclerosis disappeared from their arteries.Kummerow first published his research warning about the dangers of artery-clogging trans fats in 1957. More than a decade later, while serving on a subcommittee of the American Heart Association, he detailed the massive amounts of trans fat in the shortening and margarines lining grocery shelves, and helped convince the food industry to lower the content in certain products.Despite Kummerow’s research and warnings over the years, artificial trans fats remained a staple of processed food for decades. Well into the 1980s, many scientists and public health advocates believed that partially hydrogenated oils were preferable to more natural saturated fats. And the food industry was reluctant to do away with artificial trans fats, which were cheaper than their natural counterparts, extended shelf life and gave foods desirable taste and texture.[FDA: Foods that might have trans fats in them]„The industry was very much for trans fat,” said Kummerow, noting that each time a group formed to study the issue over the years, it seemed to turn out the same way. „It always ended up that you had to have more research before you could come to a conclusion.”Frustrated by the lack of action, Kummerow filed a 3,000-word citizen petition with the FDA in 2009, citing the mounting body of evidence against trans fat. The first line read: „I request to ban partially hydrogenated fat from the American diet.”Fred Kummerow, a 100-year-old University of Illinois veterinary biosciences professor emeritus, who still conducts research on the health effects of trans fats in the diet, filed a petition with the FDA in 2009 to ban the artery-clogging substance. (L. Brian Stauffer)By that time, he certainly wasn’t alone.In the 1990s, more and more studies had shown that trans fats were a key culprit in the rising rates of heart disease. The advocacy group Center for Science in the Public Interest also petitioned the FDA in 1994 to require that the substance be listed on nutrition labels — a move that the agency put into place in 2006. In 2002, the Institute of Medicine found that there was “no safe level of trans fatty acids and people should eat as little of them as possible.” As the dangers of trans fat became clearer, public opinion also shifted, and food companies increasingly removed the substance from products, though it remained in a broad range of foods, from cake frostings to baked goods.Four years after filing his petition and hearing nothing, Kummerow sued the FDA and the Department of Health and Human Services in 2013, with the help of a California law firm. The suit asked a judge to compel the agency to respond to Kummerow’s petition and „to ban partially hydrogenated oils unless a complete administrative review finds new evidence for their safety.”Three months later, the FDA announced its plans to effectively eliminate trans fats by saying that the substance no longer would be assumed safe for use in human foods. Tuesday’s action finalizes that initial proposal, and manufacturers will have three years to reformulate products or to petition the agency for an exceptionThe FDA is requiring food manufacturers to eliminate artificial trans fats in three years. The Post explains what they are and how you can avoid them. (Photo illustration by Nick Kirkpatrick) (Erin Patrick O’Connor/The Washington Post)[Trans fats to be phased out, FDA says]Glad as he was to see the government finally eliminate most trans fat from the food supply — a move he thinks will save thousands of lives — Kummerow doesn’t consider his job done. He’s pressing forward on research about how fried fats can affect metabolism, hoping to add more academic journal articles to his long list of publications.As for his own diet, Kummerow said he doesn’t spend much time worrying about cholesterol, which he doesn’t believe is a central culprit in heart disease (he even wrote a book on the topic). He drinks whole milk and eats eggs. But he does steer clear of fried foods, margarine and anything associated with partially-hydrogenated oils.Kummerow recalled how last fall, at his 100th birthday celebration, someone brought a ready-made cake to the party. When he studied the label, he quickly noticed that it contained trans fat.”I threw it out,” he joked. „There were a lot of other things [to eat].”READ MORE:Good news, chocolate lovers: The more you eat the lower your risk of heart disease ; Common heartburn medications linked to greater risk of heart attack;5 things about trans fats and the FDA’s proposed phase out;DDT’s breast cancer legacy: Daughters of those exposed have 4x higher risk of breast cancerBrady Dennis is a national reporter for The Washington Post, focusing on food and drug issues.
The Simple Secret for Promoting Normal Blood Sugar Levels Now You Finally Have the Chance to Promote Normal Blood Sugar & Healthy Energy Naturally! Keep Reading to Learn How It’s Done… Mary’s blood sugar is steady at 95. Christine has healthy blood sugar, and her fatigue is gone. And Samuel not only has normal blood sugar, but also feels full of energy!In ThWhat’s their secret? Most people aren’t aware of the „3 Essentials of Healthy Blood Sugar”:
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