Obama just hinted at the huge trade-off at the heart of the Iran deal By Armin Rosen6 hours ago(REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque) U.S. President Barack Obama pauses while speaking about gun violence during an address to the United States Conference of Mayors in San Francisco June 19, 2015. President Barack Obama says the landmark nuclear deal with Iran might still leave Tehran with the ability to accumulate a weapon’s worth of nuclear fuel within a matter of months 15 years down the road.In an interview with NPR, Obama said that Iran’s „breakout time” — or the time needed to produce enough weapons-grade uranium for a single nuclear device — would plunge to „a matter of months” 15 years into the deal. Obama added that this 15-year delay in Iran’s capabilities was one of the virtues of the agreement that US and the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and Germany (the P5+1) signed with Iran in July.”If in fact the breakout times now are a few months, and we’re able to push that breakout time out to a year so that we have more time and space to see whether or not Iran is cheating on an agreement, kicking out inspectors, going for a nuclear weapon; if the breakout time is extended for 15 years and then it goes back to where it is right now, why is that a bad deal?” Obama said.The acknowledgment of Iran’s future capabilities hints at a trade-off that lies at the heart of the nuclear deal’s logic. The deal controls Iran’s stockpile of fissile material, while leaving it with the infrastructure needed to rapidly accumulate bomb fuel even within the life of the deal — something that puts an intense amount of pressure on international monitors and future US leaders.Going by administration statements since 2013, the US didn’t always want the deal to turn out this way, and intended for a final agreement with Iran to curtail aspects of Iran’s nuclear infrastructure. At times in 2013, chief US Iran negotiator Wendy Sherman and Secretary of State John Kerry said that a strong deal would include the closure of the Fordow enrichment facility and the Arak heavy water reactor, respectively. Under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), all of the country’s nuclear facilities remain open, including those two. (REUTERS) The deal forces Iran to take roughly half of its currently operating centrifuges offline, prohibits Iran from operating advanced centrifuges for a period of 8 1/2 years, imposes centrifuge research and development restrictions for 10 years, and limits uranium enrichment and heavy water reactor development for 15 years. But it doesn’t actually require Iran to export or destroy any of its nuclear infrastructure.All of its nuclear facilities will remain open. Iran will be allowed to operate hundreds of centrifuges for enriching non-fissile placeholder elements at Fordow, a facility inside of a mountain on an Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps base that was only discovered by Western intelligence agencies in 2009. And Iran can enrich uranium at Fordow 15 years into the deal.For a period of 15 years, Iran will have to modify its heavy-water reactor at Arak so as to make make it impossible to produce bomb-grade plutonium. But it will still get to keep a reactor which has no conceivable civilian purpose — and, along with it, a possible future plutonium path to a nuclear weapon.The administration’s early statements about their negotiating objectives suggest that the US wanted a nuclear deal predicated on infrastructure rollback and on denying Iran the physical capability of quickly producing a weapon. Instead, the current deal is based largely around fastidious stockpile management.It prohibits Iran from possessing more than 300 kilograms of low-enriched uranium. And it reaches a compromise on centrifuge development and numbers: It allows Iran to mothball rather than export or completely destroy its centrifuges, giving Tehran the ability to rapidly narrow its breakout time if it ever decided to take them back online. But experts believe this would take months to accomplish and would definitively tip off international inspectors on activities that the JCPOA explicitly disallows.In the words of administration officials, the deal „cuts off all pathways to a nuclear weapon.” It still doesn’t remove the means of reaching a nuclear weapon within a short time span if Iran ever decided to scrap the deal. And after 15 years, enrichment and stockpile limits disappear, even if end-use monitoring for fissile materials remains in place.It’s possible the US negotiators believed that stockpile controls obviated the need for Iran to export its centrifuges, close its illicit facilities, and shutter its heavy-water reactor. After all, the deal itself suggests that infrastructure control wasn’t the negotiators’ primary objective, as the JCPOA actually includes provisions that expand the range of Iran’s nuclear hardware and expertise. For instance, the deal obligates signatories to assist Iran in the development of its fuel fabrication capabilities, something that would wean Tehran off of the need to import fuel assemblies for its nuclear reactors.(REUTERS/Mehr News Agency/Majid Asgaripour) Iranian workers stand in front of the Bushehr nuclear power plant, about 1,200 km (746 miles) south of Tehran October 26, 2010. But it’s also possible that Iran negotiated successfully enough to force the P5+1 off of its initial demands. A deal that even administration officials said would be based on infrastructure rollback instead had to depend on the net-best option: Stringent stockpile controls that still allowed Iran to keep nearly all of its nuclear hardware in some form and to bring that hardware online within the life of the deal.This puts a huge amount of pressure on international monitors and on the future P5+1 leaders who must interpret and enforce the deal. And it leaves Iran with the option of rapidly accumulating weapons fuel if it ever believed the deal was no longer working to its advantage.Obama motions towards this tradeoff in the NPR interview. The president describes a „situation where 15 years from now, that breakout time is approximately where it is now, but we now have an entire infrastructure that’s been built to keep track of exactly what Iran’s doing, and we had the entire international community behind us.”Obama says the agreement displaces Iran’s current breakout capabilities by 15 years, but makes up for it through unprecedented stockpile monitoring and control. Weeks before a decisive Congressional vote, the deal’s most forceful public advocate has been forced to speak frankly about what his negotiating outcome buys the US and its allies.NOW WATCH: People doing backflips on a two-inch wide strap is a real sport called slacklining
Ukraine ‘repels’ rare tank assault by pro-Russian rebels By Dmitry Zaks11 hours ago Kiev (AFP) – Ukraine on Monday reported it had repelled a rare tank assault by pro-Russian rebels that threatened to shatter a shaky ceasefire and dangerously escalate the 16-month war in its breakaway east.Related Stories
President Petro Poroshenko said „about 200 insurgents” had staged a pre-dawn raid on Novolaspa — a village halfway between the separatists’ de facto capital Donetsk and the Kiev-held southern port of Mariupol — that caught government soldiers off-guard.Chief of Staff General Viktor Muzhenko „informed the president that the Ukrainian forces gave a fitting rebuff and repelled all the attacks,” the presidency said.But the defence ministry later reported the militants mounting a second attack on the same village whose outcome was not immediately clear.Local pro-Kiev officials told AFP that separatist fighters had also launched several waves of Grad missile attacks on the eastern outskirts of Mariupol itself.The Ukrainian foreign ministry called the clashes „a dangerous indication of a further escalation to come”.Ukrainian Prsident Petro Poroshenko said Monday’s reported tank battles around Novolaspa and Sun …But the rebels said Kiev’s claims made no sense because Novolaspa had always been one of their frontline outposts.”The armed forces of Ukraine simply put the village under a heavy shelling attack,” a local separatist official told the rebels’ main news site.Kiev on Monday reported the death of one soldier while the insurgents accused government forces of killing three civilians in the rebel-held bastion of Gorlivka.The two self-proclaimed republics of Donetsk and Lugansk launched their revolt shortly after the February 2014 ouster of a Moscow-backed president in Kiev and Russia’s subsequent seizure of Ukraine’s Crimea peninsula.The clashes have killed more than 6,800 people and sent Moscow’s relations with the West crashing to their lowest point since the Cold War.A man examines destruction in his house as a result of shelling between Ukrainian forces and pro-Rus …The crisis has also left 1.4 million homeless and sent Ukraine’s economy — heavily dependent on exports from the industrial east of the country — into a tailspin.The West is still pinning hope on a February truce agreement that has often been ignored but also kept fighting limited to flashpoints in the Russian-speaking east of the former Soviet state.The latest reported clashes came a day after a special monitoring mission from the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) saw several of its armoured vehicles torched outside its headquarters in Donetsk.The European Union on Monday called the incident „unacceptable”.- ‘Ready for anything’ –yA picture taken on August 9, 2015 shows a burnt vehicle of the OSCE observers based in Donetsk in ea …Poroshenko said Monday’s reported tank battles around Novolaspa and Sunday’s attack on the OSCE vehicles were all part of insurgent attempts to raise tensions and erase any achievements of the February truce.But the militants accused Kiev of trying to gain back territory lost in fighting and now under pro-Russian control.”We are on constant alert for a possible new wave of military activities,” rebel chief Alexander Zakharchenko warned on Friday.”We are ready for anything.”Tensions are rising ahead of the two separatist regions’ planned elections this autumn, which Kiev has already condemned as illegal.A recent rise in the number of protests against the OSCE mission has also alarmed European leaders who had hoped to see the final terms of a peace agreement concluded by the end of the year.Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Francois Hollande have held two teleconferences with Poroshenko and Russian President Vladimir Putin in the past month, aimed at reviving the peace process and tackling what have become increasingly intractable disputes.Poroshenko called on Monday for „urgent” new consultations between the four sides’ foreign ministers about the purported rebel assault.But initial indications suggested the talks were making limited progress.Moscow said Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov told his Ukrainian counterpart Pavlo Klimkin that Poroshenko needed to finally engage the rebels in direct negotiations.The Ukrainian leader has vowed repeatedly never to hold face-to-face talks with „terrorists”.Kiev said Klimkin countered that Lavrov should encourage Putin „to think things over” and drop his alleged support for the revolt.
Ukrainian Troops Quell Large Tank Offensive By Pro-Russian Forces As Donbas Conflict Worsens By Reuters/Marko DjuricaUkrainian forces thwarted a surprise pro-Russian rebel tank attack Monday that once again showed the fragility of the 16-month ceasefire in East Ukraine, according to an Agence France-Presse report. “200 insurgents used tanks to storm” the village of Novolaspa, which lies between the de facto rebel capital of Donetsk and the strategic port town of Mariupol on Ukraine’s southern coast, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko said.“Ignoring the truce agreements, our enemies are continuing to stage provocations that are meant to escalate the conflict,” the defense ministry said in a statement, also noting that Ukrainian forces were able to repel the attacks. However, according to AFP, a second attack was launched soon after. The outcome was not immediately clear.Ukrainian and pro-Russian rebel officials have regularly accused one another of breaking February’s Minsk II ceasefire, often sending out conflicting battle reports. In the case of the so-called tank attacks Monday, a pro-Russian rebel spokesperson said that “the armed forces of Ukraine simply put the village under a heavy shelling attack” and that “Novolaspa remains under the control of the People’s Republic of Donetsk.”Adding to that, rebel leader Alexander Zakharchenko said that his soldiers “are on constant alert for a possible new wave of military activities.”Ukrainian Armed Forces Over Time | FindTheDataWhile the conflict goes through quiet periods, there have been few days since the ceasefire went into effect that didn’t involve reports of fighting, death and casualties. Over 7,000 people have died in the conflict since fighting began, in April 2014. Last week the ceasefire was breached more than 140 times in 24 hours, resulting in the death of four Ukrainian soldiers.Both parties say they want an end to hostilities, yet there has been no solution to the political deadlock over the past six months. Pro-Russian rebels want an autonomous state without interference from Kiev, while Ukrainian leaders want to retain administrative control over the entire area and allow rebels some element of self-rule. Neither side has been willing to budge on its demands.Former U.S. ambassador to Ukraine Steven Pifer told IBTimes last week that Kiev’s offer of partial autonomy will not bring peace to the region. “If you look at the leaders of the rebels, they’re saying already that they would never allow Kiev to reestablish political sovereignty to the territory there,” said Pifer.on August 10 2015 3:15 PM EDT
China has turned against North KoreaFROMKevin Knodell AFP/Stringer/Getty Images August 10, 2015 North Korea is an isolated, impoverished, impulsive rogue nuclear state ruled by a family that has built one of the most terrifying personality cults the world has ever seen.As result, Pyongyang doesn’t have a lot of friends.The one country that North Korea can depend on is China. Beijing provides Pyongyang with much of its food and weapons — and is bound by treaty to support the North in the event of war with South Korea. China and North Korea have a reputation for being closely aligned, both militarily and ideologically.Except that Sino-North Korean relations are not what they once were. More and more, Beijing views Pyongyang as a liability. And that’s leading to some seismic shifts in Asia’s power dynamics.After 20 years of sustained growth, China is an economic powerhouse and a regional military power with expanding ties to the rest of the world. North Korea, by contrast, has clung to political and economic systems that have bankrupted and starved its people. Pyongyang has pursued nuclear weapons over other countries’ nearly unanimous opposition.America has a South Korean foreign legionWow, China has a lot of different early-warning planes North Korea doesn’t seem interested in changing. Nor in listening to other governments.Indeed, as former president Kim Jong Il’s health deteriorated near the end of his 17 year rule, Beijing met with American delegations to talk about cooperating in the event of North Korea’s collapse.As it turned out, Kim Jong Il’s son Kim Jong Un took over leadership in 2011, forestalling a statewide implosion. Kim Jong Un continued his father’s aggressive rhetoric. This, along with strengthening trade ties between China and South Korea, is fundamentally changing China’s relationship with its troublesome ally.Erstwhile allianceThe Democratic People’s Republic of Korea actually predates the Peoples’ Republic of China. Under the leadership of Maj. Kim Il Sung, an anti-Japanese guerrilla fighter-turned-Soviet army officer, the North Koreans offered refuge and material support to Mao Zedong’s Chinese communists as they consolidated their hold over Manchuria.Korean and Chinese communists had fought side by side against the Japanese and several Korean communists participated in the Chinese civil war under Mao’s banner. In thanks, the new Chinese regime pledged to support North Korea if the latter were ever in peril.But Beijing apparently didn’t realize that it would have to make good on that promise almost immediately, as DPRK troops launched an invasion of the Republic of Korea, only to be driven back by American and U.N. forces. When the Americans began pushing into North Korea, China came the rescue.Hundreds of thousands of Chinese soldiers died in the Korean War, including Mao’s own son Mao Anying — killed in a U.N. napalm strike. He’s buried in Pyongyang.The war pushed Beijing and Pyongyang closer together. In 1961, the two regimes signed the Sino-North Korean Mutual Aid and Cooperation Friendship Treaty, which has been renewed twice and won’t expire until 2021.Despite tensions during the Sino-Soviet split in the 1960s and some brief border skirmishes during the Cultural Revolution, the Chinese-North Korean relationship remained strong throughout most of the 20th century.Chinese and American troops at a joint humanitarian assistance drill in Hawaii | (U.S. Army Photo/Courtesy War is Boring) The honeymoon ends Times have changed … and so has the alliance. „It’s very much a residual alliance — and a very distrustful one,” Prof. Adam Cathcart, a lecturer at Leeds University in London and the editor-in-chief of the Website Sino-NK, tells War is Boring.U.S. president Richard Nixon’s 1972 visit to China spurred a series of reforms in the Asian country, including increased trade and engagement with former enemies. Beijing formally established relations with South Korea in 1992 and also increased trade and political engagement with JapanWhile China reformed and prospered, North Korea calcified and starved. Famine killed millions. Kim Il Sung, once portrayed in state media as merely a strong leader, by necessity ascended to near-godhood … all in order to head off revolt.The Kim dynasty inculcated a state philosophy called Juche, literally meaning „self-reliance.” Juche is hostile to outside ideas and encourages cultural and economic isolation.Beijing and Pyongyang are developing in opposite directions, straining their old alliance to the breaking point.”[North Korea’s] commitment to Juche and isolation disgusts the Chinese, just as the North Koreans are disgusted by China’s reforms and their willingness to talk to the Americans and the South Koreans,” Cathcart says.This tension reached a fever pitch under Kim Jong Il’s rule. North Korea acquired nuclear weapons in 2006 — against China’s wishes. South Korea, Japan, the United States, Russia, and China called for six-party talks with North Korea in an attempt to defuse Pyongyang’s escalating belligerence.Amid this, Beijing’s official statements remained clearly pro-North Korean. The official line from the Chinese People’s Liberation Army was that the two countries were „as close as lips to teeth.”South Korean troops transfer to Chinese troops the remains of Chinese soldiers killed in the Korean War | (ROK Ministry of Defense/Courtesy War is Boring) Looking south Now even the rhetoric is changing. Some Chinese academics and journalists have revisited the longstanding Chinese Communist Party line that the Korean War was the result of outside aggression. There’s an increasing willingness in China to accept a truth that has long been taboo, that North Korean soldiers fired the first shots that triggered the war.Closer ties between China and South Korea help explain the shift in thinking. Beijing has surpassed Washington as Seoul’s biggest trading partner. Chinese businessmen and tourists are a fixture in the South, far more than they are in the North.”[South Korean president] Park Geun-hye has been very clever in her relationship with the Chinese,” Cathcart says. Park has made several state visits to Beijing and has hosted Chinese delegates in return. This year, she facilitated the repatriation of 437 Chinese war dead back to China.Kim Jong Un, on the other hand, has done next to nothing to court the Chinese. He has largely ignored Beijing’s delegations to the country — usually sending low-level party members to greet them — and has showed little interest in resuming the six-party talks.”It’s been an easy decision to work with the Koreans that will work with them,” Cathcart explains.Chinese officials and business leaders have tried to encourage reform in North Korea. But their efforts have stalled under Kim Jong Un. In 2013, North Korea executed Jang Sung-taek, a leading reformer in Pyongyang who had helped court Chinese investment.In the past, Chinese troops concentrated in Manchuria and along the border with North Korea, ready to aid Pyongyang in wartime. But in recent years, the Chinese army’s priorities have changed. During a flare-up in tensions between North and South Korea last year, Chinese troops mobilized not for combat, but for disaster relief and the evacuation of Chinese nationals.The Chinese „trust the South Koreans not to start an incident with the North,” Cathcart says. „They don’t trust the North Koreans — and are very suspicious of North Korean military adventurism.”The Chinese crave stability. North Korea, which once served as a comfortable buffer between China and the U.S. troops stationed in South Korea and Japan, is anything but stable.That’s bad for business. Increasingly deprived of its only major ally, Pyongyang is bound to become even more isolated, impoverished … and desperate.From drones to AKs, high technology to low politics, War is Boring explores how and why we fight above, on, and below an angry world. Sign up for its daily email update here or subscribe to its RSS Feed here.SHARE THIS!
Russia War Propaganda Has No End Politics, Russia8 Comments Russia shocked the world when it hurriedly annexed Crimea in 2014 as part of the Russian Federation. As if that wasn’t a monumental error in international laws, Russia, based on available evidence, has been secretly waging war against Ukraine by sending its troops to disguise as Ukrainian rebels and engage the Government army in a fierce battle.The world leaders are not fooled to believe Kremlin’s denials that it doesn’t have a hand in Ukraine uprisings. But what is surprising enough about this issue is that the Russian people have been deceived to believe everything coming out of the Kremlin. The Russian propaganda is so strong that in a recent poll conducted to investigate Russian people’s awareness of the true events going on in Ukraine revealed the rampant ignorance among Russian populace. Fifty-three percent of respondents didn’t buy the idea that Russia was behind the atrocities occurring in East Ukraine, compared to just 25 percent who believed Russia should be blamed for the breakdown of laws and orders in Ukraine. As a matter of fact, 45 percent of Russians confess that they would perceive Russia’s military involvement in Ukraine as a positive humanitarian response to the crisis there, while 35 percent believed Russia has no business in Ukraine at all. And about 60 percent of Russians did not believe a war will erupt between Ukraine and Russia in the near future.Russia’s propaganda working perfectly All these alarming numbers point to the fact that Kremlin’s propaganda is working perfectly, and some experts have compared the approach to the one employed by former Soviet Union leader, Josef Stalin. Stalin used the tricks of denial and deception known in Russian language as “maskirovka” to confuse people in his days. They were powerful tools, and in those days it practically took years before people in the Soviet Union could know exactly what had happened. Fast forward to today, Putin is the Stalin of our time, and he is constantly misleading the Russian populace on the issue of Ukraine’s unrest.Of course, Putin knows that his tricks aren’t working on the Western world and that is why his country has been bombarded with avalanche of economic, military and political sanctions. Despite pushing his country’s economy into a free-fall because of his unscrupulous actions, it is almost impossible for Vladimir Putin or any of his cronies to publicly apologize for their mistakes in Ukraine. Russia has cut its interest rates many times since the West’s sanctions against Russia began, and Russian currency, Ruble has lost its past glory and has been dangerously undervalued.In spite of the pain and poverty Putin’s involvement in Ukraine internal problems have brought to the Russian People, many of them, due largely to the effectiveness of Kremlin’s propaganda machine, still throw their massive support behind their president. Many have even compared this standoff to the Cold War when the world, as Russians are made to believe then, wanted to undermine Russian development during the Soviet Union era. But how long would average Russians pretend nothing serious is happening in Ukraine and that their leaders are not to be blamed for everything?Not everyone is accepting the Russian Government official deception though, a few Russians have rallied around Ukraine and urged the Kremlin to stop committing diplomatic crimes in the region. One of them who paid a huge price for speaking up against Russian aggression was Boris Nemtsov—Russian opposition leader who lost his life through assassination recently.The Ukraine Government has always come up with their own convincing string of evidences that Russia is culpable for all the evil things going on in their homeland. Anatoly Matios, Ukraine’s outspoken top military prosecutor has publicly blamed chief of Russia’s General Staff, Valery Gerasimov for hatching and executing the plan to destabilize Ukraine. In his own words, he said “the ideologist behind the war of aggression and the military conflict in the eastern Ukraine is…based on all collected evidence, the chief of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces, Gerasimov.” Russia secret involvement in Ukraine Russia may have been playing a child’s play denying its active involvement in Ukraine’s war, but how about some of its servicemen that had been caught by the Ukrainian soldiers? From their jail in Kyiv, Ukraine, two Russian soldiers identified themselves as GRU military intelligence officers sent to undertake some assignments in Ukraine. But the Russian state media was quick to describe the two men as mere “Russian citizens”, possibly denying their military link. One of these two men named Captain Yevgeny Yerofeyev had complained that many Russian servicemen have been left to their fate in some Ukrainian jails. He told Russian Newspaper Novaya Gazeta that “it’s just that they are only talking and writing about us. But in reality there are many.” In its second rebuttal, Russian Government labelled the two GRU officers as civilians, having resigned from the military before they arrived in Ukraine.Russia’s propaganda machine has got a lot of jobs on their hands to do: they would have to disprove the claim by another captured Russian Army major, Starkov, who was reportedly caught in Donetsk Oblast when he was on an official duty to the Ukrainian separatists as a military adviser sent by the Russian Government. Or what will the Russian apologists have to say about the Malaysian Airline’s MH 17 that was reportedly downed by Russian anti-aircraft missile provided to the separatists?There is truly no end in sight for Russian propaganda war: the United Nations’ Security Council recently made an attempt to set up a Tribunal that would investigate what actually led to the Malaysian Airline’s MH17 being shot down, but Russia opposed the move and threatened to veto it if the UN Security vote is called for it. Why is Putin nervous about this? If he hasn’t got his hands dirty by involving himself in Ukraine’s crisis, will he be afraid that his secrets may soon be unraveled?So far, Russia’s war propaganda has been successful to keep Russian people in the dark about the atrocities their leaders are committing in Ukraine. Quoting analyst Vitaly Bala of Situations Modeling Agency, a think tank, “the main goal for Russia now is legitimize the separatist republics so that they can continue to use them as proxies, while at the same time pretending (Moscow is) in no way involved. They describe Russian mercenaries as “separatists” or “Russian-backed” instead of calling them what they are: Russian mercenaries,” he said.As long as Moscow continues to play hide-and-seek in the Ukraine conflict, it will be difficult to find a lasting solution to the war. What does Russia want? Ukraine president has asked this rhetorical question several times. But how does anyone expect Russia to voice out its desire when its war propaganda machine is working hard 24/7 to tell everyone that Russia is innocent of all evil claims levied against it since the Ukraine upheaval started.The world is waiting to see how the United Nations will force Russia to hand off from hindering the justice for MH 17 victims. That is another international uproar Russian propagandists should be ready for. Because it would need plenty of talking to convince the world that Russia is indeed innocent of the processes that led to the MH 17 shot-down.Posted date: In:
Hungary receives 110,000 asylum requests for far this year By PABLO GORONDI13 hours ago BUDAPEST, Hungary (AP) — Hungary has received 110,000 asylum requests so far in 2015, more than double the total for all of last year, the head of the country’s immigration office said Monday.Related Stories
Zsuzsanna Vegh said registered asylum seekers were directed to one of Hungary’s refugee centers to await decisions over their requests, but that most leave the country before their cases are settled.”A significant number of those who we send (to the centers) never arrives at the institution,” Vegh said on state radio, adding that they were now sheltering some 4,500 refugees, double their normal capacity.Hungary received 42,777 applications for asylum in 2014.Alarmed by the growing numbers of migrants, Hungary’s government is building a 175-kilometer (109-mile) fence on the border with Serbia, which is scheduled to be finished by Aug. 31.Planned to be 4 meters high (13 feet), for now only three strands of razor wire have been laid out on sections of the border where the government says human traffickers are most active. An AP video journalist saw galvanized steel posts and rolls of wire mesh in the border area, expected to be assembled soon.Hungarian soldiers build a fence on the Hungarian – Serbian border near Asotthalom, Hungary on Monda …In Budapest, hundreds of migrants gathered near the city’s main railway terminals, waiting to go to a refugee center or to countries further west in the European Union, such as Germany or the Netherlands.Sitting in the shade at Pope John Paul II Park, near the Keleti train station, a 26-year-old man from the Syrian city of Homs said the fence would not deter those escaping war and extreme poverty.”We have mostly walked over 3,000 kilometers to come to Europe,” said the refugee who would give only a nickname, George. „Some wires are not going to stop us.”Hungarian national police say they detained an average of 1,530 migrants a day in the week before the fence construction began on Aug. 3. In the week since, the daily average was 1,543.Babar Baloch, spokesman for the U.N.’s refugee agency in Central Europe, said the number of refugee families with young children was rising.”The trend is clearly that the refugees are on the move,” Baloch said, adding that his organization was also encountering more and more unaccompanied children whose parents, in one example, had died after their boat capsized near Greece._Bela Szandelszky in Asotthalom, Hungary, contributed to this report.