Tsunami triggered by volcano sweeps Indonesia beach; 62 deadALI KOTARUMALOS and MARGIE MASON•Tsunami triggered by volcano sweeps Indonesia beach; 62 dead JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) — A tsunami apparently caused by the eruption of an island volcano killed at least 62 people around Indonesia’s Sunda Strait, sending a wall of water crashing some 65 feet (20 meters) inland and sweeping away hundreds of houses including hotels, the government and witnesses said.Some 600 people have been reported injured when the tsunami hit 9:27 p.m. Saturday, the Disaster Management Agency said. At least 20 others are unaccounted for.Scientists from Indonesia’s Meteorology and Geophysics agency said it could have been caused by undersea landslides from the eruption of Anak Krakatau, a volcanic island formed over years from the nearby Krakatau volcano. They also cited tidal waves caused by the full moon.Footage posted on social media showed a pop band named „Seventeen” performing under a tent on a beach as dozens of people sat listening at tables covered in white cloths. As bright strobe lights flashed on stage, a child could be seen wandering through the crowd. Then, in between songs with the drummer pounding, the stage suddenly heaved forward, throwing the band and all their equipment into the audience.The band released a statement saying their bass player and road manager were found dead, while four other members of their group remained missing.”The tide rose to the surface and dragged all the people on site,” it said. „Unfortunately, when the current receded our members are unable to save themselves while some did not find a place to hold on.”Tourists were also affected during the holiday weekend ahead of Christmas.”I had to run, as the wave passed the beach and landed 15-20m (meters) inland,” Norwegian Øystein Lund Andersen wrote on Facebook. He said he was taking pictures of the volcano when he suddenly saw a big wave come toward him.”Next wave entered the hotel area where I was staying and downed cars on the road behind it. Managed to evacuate with my family to higher ground trough forest paths and villages, where we are taken care of (by) the locals. Were unharmed, thankfully.”The worst affected area was the Pandeglang region of Banten province in Java, which encompasses the Ujung Kulon National Park and popular beaches, the disaster agency said. Of the deaths, 33 were in Pandeglang.In the city of Bandar Lampung on southern Sumatra, hundreds of residents took refuge at the governor’s office.Alif, a resident in Pandeglang district who goes by one name, said told MetroTV station that many people were still searching for missing relatives.The Anak Krakatau volcano in the Sunda Strait that links the Indian Ocean and Java Sea erupted about 24 minutes before the tsunami, the geophysics agency said.The 305-meter (1,000-foot) -high volcano, about 200 kilometers (124 miles) southwest of capital Jakarta, has been erupting since June. In July, authorities widened its no-go areas to 2 kilometers (1.24 miles) from the crater.Gegar Prasetya, co-founder of the Tsunami Research Center Indonesia, said the waves were likely caused by a flank collapse — when a big section of a volcano’s slope gives way. He said it’s possible for an eruption to trigger a landslide above ground or beneath the ocean, both capable of producing a tsunami.”Actually, the tsunami was not really big, only one meter,” said Prasetya, who has closely studied Krakatau. „The problem is people always tend to build everything close to the shoreline.”Physical losses included 430 heavily damaged homes, nine heavily damaged hotels and 10 heavily damaged vessels. Footage posted by the head of the disaster agency showed the aftermath of flooded streets and an overturned car.In September, more than 2,500 people were killed by a quake and tsunami that hit the city of Palu on the island of Sulawesi, which is just east of Borneo.In December 2004, a massive magnitude 9.1 earthquake off Sumatra island in western Indonesia triggered a tsunami that killed 230,000 people in a dozen countries. Indonesia is a vast archipelago of more than 17,000 islands home to 260 million people. Roads and infrastructure are poor in many areas, making access difficult in the best of conditions.
Hundreds of buildings were destroyed by the wave, which hit beaches without warning in Indonesia, including at Carita beach on the west coast of Java (AFP Photo/Semi)Carita (Indonesia) (AFP) – A tsunami following a volcanic eruption killed at least 168 people when it slammed without warning into popular beaches around Indonesia’s Sunda Strait on Saturday night, cutting a swathe of destruction and triggering mass panic as it swept inland.Hundreds of buildings were destroyed by the wave, which hit the coast of southern Sumatra and the western tip of Java about 9:30 pm (1430 GMT) following the eruption of a volcano known as the „child” of the legendary Krakatoa, national disaster agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said.Search and rescue teams were scouring rubble for survivors, with 168 confirmed dead, 745 people injured and 30 reported missing across three regions, he said.Dramatic video posted on social media showed a wall of water suddenly crashing into an open-air concert by pop group „Seventeen” — hurling band members off the stage and then flooding into the audience.In a tearful Instagram post, frontman Riefian Fajarsyah said the band’s bassist and road manager had been killed.Images of the aftermath of the tsunami in coastal areas show a trail of uprooted trees and debris strewn across beaches. A tangled mess of corrugated steel roofing, timber and rubble was dragged inland at Carita beach, a popular day-tripping spot on the west coast of Java.Muhammad Bintang, who was at Carita beach when the wave hit, described a sudden surge of water that plunged the tourist spot into darkness.”We arrived at 9pm for our holiday and suddenly the water came — it went dark, the electricity is off,” the 15-year-old told AFP.”It’s messy outside and we still cannot access the road.”In Lampung province, on the other side of the strait, Lutfi Al Rasyid said he fled the beach in Kalianda city in fear for his life.”I could not start my motorbike so I left it and I ran… I just prayed and ran as far as I could,” the 23-year-old told AFP.- Initial error -Authorities say the tsunami may have been triggered by an abnormal tidal surge due to a new moon and an underwater landslide following the eruption of Anak Krakatoa, which forms a small island in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra.”The combination caused a sudden tsunami that hit the coast,” Nugroho said, but added that Indonesia’s geological agency was working to ascertain exactly how it happened.He added that the death toll would likely increase.Video footage posted to social media by Nugroho showed panicked residents clutching flashlights and fleeing for higher ground.Indonesian authorities initially claimed the wave was not a tsunami, but instead a tidal surge and urged the public not to panic.Nugroho later apologised for the mistake on Twitter, saying because there was no earthquake it had been difficult to ascertain the cause of the incident early on.”If there is an initial error we’re sorry,” he wrote.The wave swamped parts of the coast around the Sunda Strait, but was most damaging in Pandeglang district, on Java’s western tip, where at least 33 people died and 491 people were injured.Three people died further north in Serang, while seven were killed in South Lampung, on Sumatra island.Heavy equipment was being transported to badly-hit areas to help search for victims, Nugroho said, adding evacuation posts and public kitchens were being set up for evacuees.Abu Salim, a member of the Tagana disaster volunteer group, said he helped evacuate victims in Banten province.”We evacuated the victims who died and were injured, we took them to health clinics … Most of them suffered from broken bones,” he said, adding he feared more were missing.Although relatively rare, submarine volcanic eruptions can cause tsunamis due to the sudden displacement of water or slope failure, according to the International Tsunami Information Centre.Anak Krakatoa is a small volcanic island that emerged from the ocean half a century after Krakatoa’s deadly 1883 eruption which killed more than 36,000 people.According to Indonesia’s geological agency, Anak Krakatoa had been showing signs of heightened activity for days, spewing plumes of ash thousands of metres into the air.The volcano erupted again just after 9:00 pm on Saturday, the agency said.An eruption just before 4:00 pm on Saturday lasted around 13 minutes and sent plumes of ash soaring hundreds of metres into the sky.Indonesia, one of the most disaster-prone nations on earth, straddles the so-called Pacific „Ring of Fire”, where tectonic plates collide and a large portion of the world’s volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur.Most recently in the city of Palu on Sulawesi island a quake and tsunami in September killed thousands of people.
On December 26, 2004 a tsunami triggered by a magnitude 9.3 undersea earthquake off the coast of Sumatra in western Indonesia killed 220,000 people in countries around the Indian Ocean, including 168,000 in Indonesia.Anak Krakatoa is one of 127 active volcanoes which run the length of the archipelago.
First, at vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus qui blanditiis praesentium et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus qui voluptatum.News Solar storms could cause blackouts and leave Britain with £16 billion worth of damage, warns Oxford University Sarah Knapton •Solar flares shown bursting from the Sun’s surface – Paul Fleet / AlamySolar storms could leave Britain with £16 billion worth of damage, the first economic risk analysis has found, as experts at Oxford University called for urgent updates to space weather forecasting satellites.Earth is vulnerable to space weather events such as solar flares which fling huge amounts of electromagnetic radiation at the planet, potentially causing severe disruption to power grids, air transport and satellite communications.The most severe incident – known as ‘the Carrington Event’ – happened in 1859, shorting Telegraph circuits, starting fires and causing the northern lights to dance in the sky as far south as Hawaii.In 1989, a geomagnetic disturbance caused a voltage collapse of Canada’s Hydro-Québecpower grid, leaving six million inhabitants without power for nine hours and in 2005, X-rays from a solar flare disrupted the GPS system for about 10 minutesMore recently, a solar flare, or coronal mass ejection, narrowly missed Earth during London’s 2012 Olympic Games.But the inability to forecast and prepare for events could be catastrophic for the economy, Oxford University has warned, costing the country billions, due to the ripple effects on vital infrastructure, businesses and homes.Their model suggests that blackouts would be likely in the northeast and north west of England, East Anglia and Wales, where power supplies are most vulnerable and where transformers failed in the 1989 solar storm.Dr Edward Oughton, of the Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium (ITRC),currently at the University of Oxford, said: “If the Earth were to experience a Carrington-sized event without upgrading our current forecasting capability, it could cost the UK up to £16bn in the most severe scenario.“The ‘do nothing’ scenario where the UK fails to invest or invests minimally in replacing satellite monitoring capabilities means existing forecasting skill levels will decline.“This increases the risk of critical national infrastructure failure because there may be little early warning that an event is taking place. There would be less time for infrastructure operators to implement mitigation plans.”Solar storms fling huge amounts of electromagnetic radiation at Earth, triggering substorms which can knock out power grids Credit: NasaA solar storm of the size which hit Earth during the Carrington Event is estimated to happen every 100 years, to the planet is already overdue such a catastrophe.If it happened today researchers estimate there is a 71 per cent chance the British power grid would be affected, while mobile phone reception could die, and airlines would be grounded without GPS.But many of the satellites which currently monitor coronal mass ejections are nearing the end of their lives. The authors, which include experts from The Met Office, are calling for a fleet of new spacecraft equipped with Heliospheric Imagers and Solar Coronagraphs, in different locations to monitor the Sun.Such a system would increase the current early warning system from a maximum of four days to up to a week ahead and would be more exact in predicting when the storm would hit Earth, narrowing the current window of six hours to four.The research estimates that investment could reduce the GDP impact on Britain to £0.9bn.Catherine Burnett of The Met Office Space Weather Operations Centre, said: “Our forecasting ability is very dependent on a small number of satellite observations.“This research assesses the UK’s risk in terms of different levels of space weather forecasting capability, which is especially important given existing monitoring satellites are nearing the end of their lives.” The research was published in Risk Analysis journal.
Look at This Giant Martian Skating Rink
These particular pics represent the fruit of 15 years of Express probe labor.(Almost to the day: per The Guardian, it originally launched on Christmas day 2003.) In July, Express instruments also detected a vast liquid reservoir sealed beneath the planet’s frigid surface. Despite its “extremely cold and salty” nature, the existence of water on Mars fueled scientific excitement about the planet’s life-supporting properties. So when the aliens do eventually amble over to Earth, despite our warnings about the extremely futile nature of that venture, at least we will have a common interest (ice skating) to discuss.