A Dangerous Heat Wave Will Roast the Midwest and East Coast This Weekend
- A dangerous heat wave will hit two-thirds of the U.S. through the weekend.
- A large dome of high pressure will send temperatures into the 90s and 100s across most of the central and eastern U.S., according to the National Weather Service.
- Doctors explain how extremely high temperatures can be dangerous, and what you can do to keep cool during a heat wave.
Summer and hot weather go together like PB&J, but there’s about to be some incredibly intense heat blanketing two-thirds of the U.S. through the weekend.A large dome of high pressure will send temperatures into the 90s and 100s across most of the central and eastern U.S., with heat indices (how hot it feels) reaching up to 115 degrees in some places, according to the National Weather Service (NWS).Many areas are expecting their hottest temperatures of the year through the weekend, NBC News reports. “There also will be no relief at night, as low temperatures remain in the upper 70s and 80s,” the National Weather Service (NWS) warned on its website.Several major cities have already started making preparations. New York City officials, for example, have set up “cooling centers” that will stay in place through Sunday, the office of emergency management and health department said in a press release. Officials in Boston also just shared emergency tips and facts online for residents about how to prepare and stay safe in a heat wave.
You’ve heard that heat waves can be dangerous, but it’s understandable if you’re a little fuzzy on why that’s the case. Here’s what you need to know about keeping cool in the sweltering temps.
Why are heat waves dangerous?
When it’s really hot and humid out, your body has difficulty cooling itself off. And, when your body gets too hot to cool itself off properly or when you lose too much fluid or salt through dehydration or sweating, your body temperature rises, putting you at risk for a heat-related illness like heat exhaustion or heat stroke, says Eric Adkins, MD, vice chair of emergency medicine at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center.
“Producing and evaporating sweat cools and regulates our core temperature. But, when you add in extremely hot weather, humidity, and strenuous exercise, it becomes much more difficult for the sweat to evaporate and the body’s temperature can begin to rise past normal limits,” explains Bert Mandelbaum, MD, sports medicine specialist at Cedars-Sinai Kerlan-Jobe Institute in Los Angeles and team physician for US Soccer national teams. “In addition, profuse sweating without replenishing fluids will eventually deplete the body of necessary electrolytes.”
You can develop heat-related illness after that, which can be fatal, Dr. Mandelbaum says.
Who will be affected by this heat wave the most?
While everyone is impacted by excessive heat, young children, the elderly, people who have difficulty with mobility, and anyone with health problems tend to be most at risk of developing complications from it, Dr. Adkins says.
There are a few signs that the heat is impacting you more than just making you feel sweaty, and it’s important to be aware of them. “Knowing what to look for can help you resolve symptoms before they become life-threatening,” Dr. Mandelbaum says. He recommends taking action if you start to notice any of the following symptoms:
That means, get into the shade or an air-conditioned room, replenish liquids with electrolytes (water alone won’t be enough in these situations), and rest until the symptoms subside. “If it’s anything more serious, immediate cooling is always a good idea with ice packs, towels, or a cold water bath,” Dr. Mandelbaum says.
🚨 If you think someone is dealing with heat stroke, call 911—the situation can be life-threatening.
How to keep cool during the heat wave
There are a few things you can do to keep cool during the heat wave. The NWSrecommends doing the following:
- Reduce, eliminate, or reschedule strenuous activities until the coolest time of the day.
- Wear lightweight, loose fitting, light-colored clothing to reflect heat.
- Eat easy-to-digest foods like fruit or salads.
- Drink plenty of water, and drink water even if you don’t feel thirsty. Focus on non-alcoholic and decaffeinated fluids, since alcohol and caffeine can dehydrate you.
- Spend time in air conditioning.
- Use electric fans.
- Try to stay out of the sun.
- Take cool baths or showers.
If you’re going to exercise outside during this time, Dr. Adkins recommends doing it in the early morning or at night when it’s cooler. But, if you can, it’s better to work out inside in air conditioning, he says.
What if your home does not have AC?
If your home does not have central air conditioning or a window unit, your best bet is to maintain air circulation using fans—but only if it is cooler inside than outdoors. If the inside of your home is higher than 95 degrees, using a fan might actually cause your body to gain heat, according to the New York State Department of Health.
If you’re starting to feel off in the heat wave, don’t hesitate to get into cooler temperatures, Dr. Adkins says. It’s definitely better to play it safe.
In this case, head to a local cooling center if your city has one (New York has this handy map, but official state government sites should point you in the right direction). If not, get to an air-conditioned space—like a friend’s home, the mall, or even a library—for at least a couple of hours. Be sure to close your windows and curtains to keep warm light out, drink plenty of water, take cool showers or baths, limit strenuous activity, and avoid using your oven or stove if possible.
By Barbara Goldberg
NEW YORK (Reuters) – A massive heat wave that has enveloped the U.S. Midwest pushed into the Northeast on Friday, ushering in temperatures that could top 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees C) in Washington and prompting utilities to take steps to prevent power outages.
The huge blob of warm air is likely to blanket the region, home to a third of the U.S. population, through Sunday with little overnight relief, said meteorologist David Roth of the National Weather Service’s Weather Prediction Center.
„There are 124 million people under a heat advisory or excessive heat warning – that’s a third of the population,” Roth said.
As of Friday, the heat wave sprawled from Kansas to the Atlantic Coast, and from South Carolina north to Maine. It was expected to intensify on Saturday and Sunday.
Utilities in the eastern half of the United States expect to have enough resources to meet power demand on Friday but asked consumers to turn down air conditioners to avoid putting stress on the system, which could cause outages.
„I’m very confident,” Consolidated Edison Inc <ED.N> President Tim Cawley said when asked at a news conference if the utility, which serves New York City, could quickly respond to any outages in the country’s most populous city. He said 4,000 employees were poised to work 12-hour shifts over the weekend.
On Saturday, parts of Manhattan lost power for hours, darkening Broadway theaters, halting subways and closing restaurants and shops in a partial blackout blamed on a faulty piece of equipment.
Early on Friday, as the heat intensified in downtown Madison, Wisconsin, 11,600 homes and businesses lost power after fires erupted at two substations near the state capitol. With temperatures forecast to hit 93F (34C) later in the day, Governor Tony Evers asked nonessential state workers to stay home. By midafternoon, power had been restored to all but about 3,500 customers, according to Madison Gas and Electric.
On the East Coast, temperatures on Friday were forecast to reach near 100F (38C) in Washington, 97F (36C) in Philadelphia and 91F (33C) in New York, where it would feel more like 110F (43C) with high humidity, Roth said.
On Saturday, the forecast called for 99F (37C) in New York and Philadelphia and 100F (38C) in Washington. Much the same was in the forecast for Sunday.
„It’s crazy,” said Fonik Bitaly, 28, who was entering his sixth hour of work dressed as a costumed character, Batman, in New York City’s Times Square. „It’s really, really hard to be outside right now. You need to drink lots of water or you’ll be in serious trouble.”
The dangers posed by extreme heat and humidity prompted officials to scrap outdoor competitions, including Saturday’s horse races at Saratoga Race Course in upstate New York and Sunday’s New York City Triathlon.
„As soon as you get outside, it’s like ‘Boom!’ said Loig Loury, 32, who moved to New York from Paris last year. „The heat attacks you.”
To keep cool during past heat waves, suburban children typically ran under lawn sprinklers and city kids frolicked in the spray of fire hydrants, but the New York City Fire Department warned that special spray caps that firehouses hand out should be used to avoid creating a hazard.
„If you open a fire hydrant without these caps, you endanger your neighbors because the water pressure drops and our firefighters are not able to fight fires,” FDNY Commissioner Daniel Nigro wrote on social media.
(Additional reporting by Matt Lavietes, Scott DiSavino, Peter Szekely and Henry Nichols in New York; editing by Bill Trott, Marguerita Choy and Tom Brown)
The hottest weather in years is stifling two-thirds of the United States, stretching from Texas and Oklahoma northeastward to Maine. The National Weather Service is using strong language to describe the hazards posed by this event.
The Weather Service forecast office in Chicago, for example, is calling this “one of the hotter and more humid air masses since 2012.”
By the time this event ends by Tuesday, 86 per cent of the Lower 48 states will have experienced high temperatures of at least 90 degrees (32C), and close to 50 per cent will have seen temperatures reach or exceed 95 degrees (35C).
On Friday morning, forecasters at the Weather Service forecast office in Philadelphia wrote that this heat wave would be “prolonged, dangerous, and potentially deadly.” Warning of a heat index as high as 115 degrees (46C) on Saturday, forecasters noted: “Heat related illnesses and death can occur in minutes on days such as these in cases of over- exertion or entrapments in hot vehicles. Because of this, extreme caution should be exercised over the weekend with regards to the heat.”
Expansive areas of high pressure, with one located over the central states and another out in the western Atlantic will yield near record warmth for multiple days.
The heat wave, which comes in the midst of what may turn out to be the hottest month Earth has recorded since instrument records began in the late 19th century, poses a public health threat to tens of millions. In a typical year, heat is the top weather-related killer in the US, beating out tornadoes, hurricanes, floods and other weather hazards.
Because this event is occurring at the height of summer, it’s difficult to set temperature many all-time hot temperature records. However, the Weather Service still anticipates many records to fall, especially for warm overnight temperatures.
This heat wave stands out for the high humidity that is accompanying it, as a vast heat dome helps drive Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean moisture northward.
Dew point temperatures, which are a measure of the amount of water vapor in the air, have climbed well into the oppressive humidity category. The high dew points will also prevent overnight low temperatures from falling significantly overnight.
Already, in Chicago on Friday morning, the temperature had not fallen below 81 degrees (27C) for the low, which – if it holds through midnight – would break the daily record warm overnight minimum temperature, which was 79 degrees (24C), set in 2011.
Such high overnight lows will increase the risk to public health from this hot weather. Heat-related illnesses increase when the human body is not given time to cool off overnight. Heat stress and poor air quality can exacerbate other illnesses and even lead to heat stroke, which can be deadly.
The groups most vulnerable to heat-related illnesses include the elderly, chronically ill, children and outdoor workers. Pets are also vulnerable, particularly if they are left in areas without air conditioning and proper hydration.
During the day, the humidity levels will combine with air temperatures near the century mark to drive heat index values – which is how hot it feels to the human body – as high as 110 to 115 degrees (43C to 46C), particularly along the East Coast, according to Weather Service forecasts.
Along the northern periphery of the heat dome will be what meteorologists refer to as the “Ring of Fire.” This is the battle zone between the heat wave air mass and cooler air to the north. In this area, strong winds in the upper atmosphere can spark severe thunderstorms, including complexes of storms that cause wind damage for hundreds of miles, known as a derecho.
The Weather Service is forecasting such an event today across the Great Lakes, for example, with more storms along the heat dome’s periphery throughout the weekend.
As the climate warms because of human activities, numerous studies have shown that heat waves such as this one are becoming more common and intense, as well as longer-lasting. It’s one of the most robust conclusions of climate science, since as you increase the global average temperature, the odds of hot extremes increase even faster.
According to NOAA data, summer nights have warmed at nearly twice the rate as summer days in the United States, making heat waves a more formidable threat to public health.
Climate change attribution studies have shown that global warming has dramatically increased the likelihood of extreme heat events. In fact, one study published in 2019 found the record-breaking summer heat wave in Japan during 2018 “could not have happened without human-induced global warming.”
In addition, the National Climate Assessment, published by the Donald Trumpadministration last year found heat waves are on the increase in the United States and have been since the 1960, though the 1930s still stand out as having the most extreme heat events on record in the US, due to weather variability and land use practices at the time.
Garry Kozak, a specialist in undersea searches, announced this week that diver Ryan King, of Brentwood, New Hampshire, confirmed in June 2018 that an object Kozak previously discovered on sonar is the vessel 300 feet (90 meters) down.King’s team, which later began working with the Smithsonian Channel, extensively explored the ship on the ocean floor, 5 miles (8 kilometers) off Cape Elizabeth, Maine.”With the deck guns, there was no mistaking it for what it was,” said Paul Lawton, a Massachusetts attorney whose research helped to convince the Navy how the ship was sunk.The patrol boat was equipped with depth charges, explosives used to battle enemy submarines. But it was towing a practice target for bombers from a nearby Brunswick Naval Air Station when it sank. Only 13 of the 62 crew members survived; they were plucked from the water by a nearby Navy destroyer.The underwater video, which will be aired in the fall on the Smithsonian Channel’s „Hunt for Eagle 56,” backs up the story of sailors who said an explosion broke the ship into two pieces, said Kozak, of Derry, New Hampshire.The two hull segments, about 350 feet (105 meters) apart, blended with the uneven, craggy ocean floor, making it difficult to locate them with sonar, Kozak said. Underwater video clearly shows the deck gun on the bow; farther away, depth charges are clearly visible on the stern, Kozak.The divers’ research is expected to offer definitive proof that the sub was indeed destroyed by a German submarine, which itself was sunk days later off Block Island, Rhode Island, Kozak said. The video shows the ship’s boilers are intact, he said.The Eagle’s sinking was once a mystery.The World War I-era patrol boat was ripped by a blast, and several survivors reported seeing a submarine conning tower featuring a painted red horse on a yellow shield.The sinking was ruled a boiler explosion at the time, but Lawton helped connect the dots to show it was sunk by a German submarine with the same markings.The day before Germany signed a surrender on May 7, 1945, U.S. Navy destroyers sank the submarine, U-853, south of New London, Connecticut, after it attacked a cargo ship.The submarine is a popular attraction for divers because it’s accessible in 130 feet (40 meters) of water.But the Eagle sits 300 feet down, far beyond the reach of recreational divers.The Navy is convinced that the vessel located by the divers is the Eagle and is appreciative of dive team’s respectful research of the site, said Robert Neyland, who leads the underwater archaeology branch of the Naval History and Heritage Command.Both sunken vessels are considered war graves, and federal law prevents divers from tampering with them. The remains of one of the German sailors were retrieved by a diver in 1960, sparking outage; the sailor was buried with military honors in Newport, Rhode Island.-Online:https://www.smithsonianchannel.com/eagle56
Germany Resistance Anniversary
BERLIN (AP) — Germany is marking the 75th anniversary of the most famous plot to kill Adolf Hitler, honoring those who resisted the Nazis — who were stigmatized for decades as traitors — as pillars of the country’s modern democracy amid growing concerns about the resurgence of the far-right.
Chancellor Angela Merkel, who will speak Saturday at an annual swearing-in ceremony for some 400 troops before addressing a memorial event, paid tribute ahead of the anniversary to executed plot leader Col. Claus von Stauffenberg and his fellow conspirators and highlighted their importance to modern Germany.
„Only if we understand our past can we build a good future,” she said.
Von Stauffenberg tried to kill Hitler with a briefcase bomb on July 20, 1944, during a meeting at his headquarters in East Prussia. Hitler escaped the full force of the blast when someone moved the briefcase next to a table leg, deflecting much of the explosive force. The plot crumbled when news spread that Hitler had survived. Von Stauffenberg and his fellow plotters were executed within hours.
The story had little resonance in the immediate post-World War II years, when many still viewed the July 20 plotters as traitors, as they had been painted by the Nazis in the aftermath of the failed assassination.
The resistance against the Nazis only came to be „laboriously accepted” over subsequent decades, said Johannes Tuchel, director of the German Resistance Memorial Center, and even in the 1980s many believed its memory would fade away. Only in 2004 did a survey show that a majority of Germans believe the resistance to the Nazis is „important for our political culture,” he added.
„Those who acted on July 20 are an example to us, because they showed that they followed their conscience and set their stamp on a part of German history that otherwise was defined by the darkness of Nazism,” Merkel said last week in her weekly video message.
Tuchel said von Stauffenberg is a „symbolic figure” of the resistance, an officer who evolved from supporting Nazi policies to becoming a ferocious opponent of the regime after Hitler’s invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. He acknowledged that the resistance within the German military was, in overall terms, tiny: 200 to 300 people were involved in the July 20 plot. The German military had some 8 million men under arms at the time, and only „a handful or two” of its more than 1,000 generals and admirals participated.
But the memorial Tuchel heads, in the Berlin complex where von Stauffenberg worked and was executed, seeks to display the full breadth of German resistance to Hitler’s regime after the Nazis took power in 1933.
Students in Munich formed the White Rose movement, distributing pamphlets urging „passive resistance” starting in 1942. Its leaders included siblings Hans and Sophie Scholl, who were executed in 1943 and also have become resistance icons.
Helmuth James von Moltke’s so-called Kreisau Circle started working in secret to end the dictatorship in 1940. And in 1938, carpenter Georg Elser attempted to kill Hitler and other senior Nazi leaders at an event in Munich, but was thwarted as the Nazi leader unexpectedly left the room minutes before a bomb exploded.
Tuchel conceded that, even now, there are shortcomings in historians’ knowledge of the resistance and promised more research in the coming years into the role of women who opposed the Nazi dictatorship, responding to a recent call from parliament.
This year’s anniversary comes amid a spike in concerns about rising numbers of far-right extremists in Germany, weeks after the killing of a regional official from Merkel’s party who had supported the chancellor’s welcoming approach to migrants. An extremist with previous convictions for violent anti-migrant crime has been arrested as the suspected killer.
„Today, we are obliged to confront all tendencies that want to destroy democracy — including right-wing extremism,” Merkel said in her message on the July 20 plot.
Historians worry about efforts by far-right groups in Germany and parts of the hard-line nationalist Alternative for Germany party, or AfD, to appropriate the resistance for their own ends. AfD entered the national parliament in 2017 and its support in the polls stands above 10%. In 2017, a local AfD association came up with an ad claiming that „Sophie Scholl would vote for AfD,” co-opting the name of the White Rose activist in a widely decried attempt to legitimize the party by implying that Merkel’s government is a dictatorship.
Robert von Steinau-Steinrueck, the head of the July 20, 1944 Foundation — which started in 1949 to support the plotters’ families — denounced such „attempts at fraudulent labeling, mixing up opposition in democracy with resistance to a dictatorship just because some people don’t like the result of democratic processes.”