US, China discuss deal to limit use of cyberweapons, says report Edward Moyer September 20, 2015 This article, US, China discuss deal to limit use of cyberweapons, says report, originally appeared on CNET.com.Enlarge Image © Ju Peng/Xinhua Press/Corbis Could cyberattacks one day be governed by treaties like those limiting the use of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons? The US and China are reportedly taking a first step in that direction.The countries are discussing a mutual promise not to launch a first-strike attack with cyberweapons on the other country’s critical infrastructure, such as power plants, hospitals and banks, The New York Timesreported Saturday.The talks are geared toward producing a deal that would be announced next week during China President Xi Jinping’s state visit to the US, the Times said, citing unnamed officials involved in the negotiations.Such an announcement might not mention an official rule barring attacks on critical systems, a Times source said. Rather, it could involve a general embrace of a United Nations code of conduct that spells out nonbinding „principles of responsible behavior” regarding the use of cyberweapons like malicious software.Nonetheless, the UN guidelines single out attacks on critical infrastructure as the „most harmful,” and the negotiations could evolve into the first-ever arms-control deal for cyberspace, the Times said.The news comes amid increased tension between the US and China over hacking and cyberspying. In June, the FBI said it suspected Chinese hackers of an attack on the US government’s personnel office that compromised the data of millions of current and former federal workers. And in August, officials with the Obama administration told The Washington Post that the US was developing a range of „unprecedented”economic sanctions against China over online espionage.The deal under discussion wouldn’t prohibit such spying, or the theft of intellectual property, but it would, the Times said, „be a first effort by the world’s two biggest economic powers to prevent the most catastrophic use of cyberweapons.”It’s not clear, though, how effective a cyberweapons treaty would be, the Times noted. Unlike a missile strike, a cyberattack can be tough to track, making deterrence and retaliation difficult.”It could create some self-restraint,” a Harvard professor who studies US power told the Times, but „how do you verify it, and what is its value if it can’t be verified?”The White House did not respond to a request for comment on the Times report.Also from CNET: We’re giving away smart home gadgets ;These tech-savvy military dogs will kill you with cuteness ;The problem with hoarding photos on your phone
CUBA Pope meets Fidel Castro after warning against ideologyAssociated Press on Yahoo September 20, 2015(Alex Castro/AP) HAVANA (AP) — Pope Francis met with Fidel Castro on Sunday after urging thousands of Cubans to serve one another and not an ideology, delivering a subtle jab at the communist system during a Mass celebrated under the gaze of an image of Che Guevara in Havana’s iconic Revolution Plaza.The Vatican described the 40-minute meeting at Castro’s residence as informal and familial, with an exchange of books and discussion about big issues facing humanity, including Francis’ recent encyclical on the environment and the global economic system.Unlike the 2012 visit of Benedict XVI, when Castro peppered the German theologian with questions, the meeting with Francis was more of a conversation, papal spokesman the Rev. Frederico Lombardi said.A photo provided by Alex Castro, Fidel’s son and official photographer, showed the 89-year-old former president and Francis looking into each other’s eye as they shook hands, the pope in his white vestments and Castro in a white button-down shirt and Adidas sweat top. Castro appeared to be gripping another, unidentified man for support.Francis called on Castro after celebrating Mass in Havana’s main plaza on his first full day in Cuba. Believers and non-believers alike streamed into the square before dawn, and they erupted in cheers when history’s first Latin American pope spun through the crowd in his open-sided popemobile. Francis didn’t disappoint, winding his way slowly through the masses and stopping to kiss children held up to him.While most Cubans are nominally Catholic, fewer than 10 percent practice their faith and Cuba is the least Catholic country in Latin America. The crowd was not as big as when St. John Paul II became the first pope to visit the island in 1998, but it drew people who seemed to genuinely want to be there and listen to Francis’ message.“This is very important for us,” said Mauren Gomez, 40, who traveled some 250 kilometers (155 miles) from Villa Clara to Havana by bus, spending her time reciting the Rosary.In his homily delivered under the gaze of a metal portrait of revolutionary fighter Che Guevara, Francis urged Cubans to care for one another out of a sense of service, not ideology. He encouraged them to refrain from judging each other by “looking to one side or the other to see what our neighbor is doing or not doing.”“Whoever wishes to be great must serve others, not be served by others,” he said. “Service is never ideological, for we do not serve ideas, we serve people.”Many Cubans complain about the rigidity of Cuba’s system in which nearly every aspect of life is controlled by the government, from cultural institutions to block-level neighborhood watch committees. While the system has softened in recent years, Cubans can be excluded or lose benefits if they are perceived as being disloyal or unfaithful to the principles of the revolution.Cubans are also increasingly concerned about growing inequality on the communist island, in which those with access to foreign capital live lives of relative luxury while others can barely feed themselves, generating jealousy and division within families and society at large.“Being a Christian entails promoting the dignity of our brothers and sisters, fighting for it, living for it,” Francis told the crowd. “That is why Christians are constantly called to set aside their own wishes and desires, their pursuit of power, and to look instead to those who are most vulnerable.”Maria Regla González, a 57-year-old teacher, said she appreciated Francis’ message of reconciliation and unity for all Cubans, and said Francis was particularly able to convey it given he is Latin American and speaks their language.“This is a crucial moment, and the pope’s support for us is very important,” she said. “He made a call for unity, and that’s what we want.”Lombardi, the Vatican spokesman, said Francis’ meeting with Castro was low-key and involved an exchange of views about big issues facing the world.Francis brought Fidel three books: Two by an Italian priest, Alessandro Pronzato, and a book of sermons by Fidel’s former teacher, the Rev. Amando Llorente. Llorente taught at Colegio de Belen, a Jesuit high school where Fidel was a student. Llorente, a Spaniard, was forced out of the country after Castro’s revolution and died in Miami in 2010.Francis also brought two compact discs with Llorente’s voice, as well as copies of his papal encyclical “Praise Be” and previous document, “The Joy of the Gospel.” Castro gave the pope a book of his musings on religion, written with the Brazilian cleric Frei Betto.Austen Invereigh, author of “The Great Reformer: Francis and the Making of a Radical Pope,” says he thinks the pope is sending a subtle message to Fidel, whose rule was marked by conflict with the Catholic Church and other groups.“I can’t help but think that it’s Pope Francis inviting Fidel Castro to come to terms with his past,” Ivereigh said. “There is clearly a lot of pain in this relationship,” with Llorente.Francis was finishing the day with a meeting with Fidel’s brother Raul, an evening vespers service in the San Cristobal Cathedral and a meeting with Cuban young people.In an important aside, Francis ended Sunday’s Mass with an appeal for Colombia’s government and rebels, who have been holding peace talks in Havana for over two years, to put an end to South America’s longest-running armed conflict.“Please, we do not have the right to allow ourselves yet another failure on this path of peace and reconciliation,” he said.The appeal followed the historic call he issued to President Barack Obama and Cuban President Raul Castro to end their half-century of estrangement that resulted in the restoration of diplomatic relations this summer. Since then, the two leaders have reopened embassies in each other’s countries, held a personal meeting, had at least two phone calls and launched a process aimed at normalizing ties in fields ranging from trade to tourism to telecommunications.Jose Rafael Velazquez, a 54-year-old worker, arrived with his wife at the plaza three hours before Mass began. He said he wasn’t religious, but came more out of curiosity to witness a historic event.“We also are very hopeful for this visit, because the pope was key in the deal with the United States,” he said. “Ever since the announcement, there have been changes and this visit gives me more hope that it’ll get better.”The Vatican has long opposed the U.S. trade embargo on the grounds that it hurts ordinary Cubans most, and is clearly hopeful that detente will eventually lead to a lifting of sanctions.But only the U.S. Congress can remove the embargo. Francis will visit Congress next week at the start of the U.S. leg of his trip, but it’s not known if he will raise the issue there.Cecilia Villalejo, a 69-year-old retiree, was nearly brought to tears with the final hymn of the Mass, saying the Cuban people desperately need a message of hope to have the strength to carry on.“I feel very sad. I’ve got all my family in the United States, especially my son whom I haven’t seen for 15 years,” she said. “And I’m sad because in reality, I don’t think much will come of all this.”_Associated Press writers E. Eduardo Castillo and Anne-Marie Garcia in Havana and Christine Armario and Andrea Rodriguez in Holguin, Cuba, contributed to this report._Nicole Winfield on Twitter: https://twitter.com/nwinfield Michael Weissenstein on Twitter: https://twitter.com/mweissenstein
Crimea Tatars seek to block peninsula to protest Russian annexation 6 hours agoView photoActivists block a road near to the border crossing point of Chonhar, linking mainland Ukraine to Crimea, on September 20, 2015 (AFP Photo/Genya Savilov)Chongar (Ukraine) (AFP) – Hundreds of pro-Kiev activists from Crimea’s Tatar community on Sunday launched a blockade of roads from Ukraine to the Crimean peninsula to protest Russia’s seizure of their home region.Accompanied by members of the Ukrainian ultra-nationalist Pravy Sektor group, protesters from the Muslim Tatar community used concrete blocks to partially seal off the three roads linking mainland Ukraine to Crimea in an attempt to halt the delivery of goods.Tatar leaders said they were aiming to block supplies to protest the „numerous violations of their rights by Russian authorities”.”Our goal is to end the occupation of Crimea and to restore the territorial integrity of Ukraine,” Refat Chubarov, one of the leaders of the Crimean Tatar community, told journalists.An AFP journalist at the scene reported that dozens of lorries were backed up at two crossing points into Crimea but drivers and Ukrainian officials said this was due to lengthy custom checks on the Russian side.Russia seized the Crimean peninsula from Ukraine in March 2014 after deploying thousands of special forces troops following the ouster of Kremlin-backed leader Viktor Yanukovych in Kiev.Most of the 300,000-strong Tatar community strongly opposed Russia’s annexation of Crimea, condemned by Kiev and the West as an illegal land grab, and have since faced a crackdown that has seen activists detained and leaders barred from the region.The Tatars were exiled by Stalin to Central Asia during World War II, with almost half perishing in harsh conditions. They only returned to Crimea at the end of Soviet rule.The demonstrators said they hoped their actions Sunday would help to ease pressure on the members of the community, secure the release of detained Tatar activists and see restrictions on Tatar media lifted.Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko later said on national television that he would raise the issue of „the rights of the Tatars of Crimea” at the General Assembly of the United Nations later this month.Between 10,000 and 15,000 members of the Tatar community — which has its own distinct language and culture — are thought to have fled Crimea since the Russian flag was raised there.Despite the takeover by Moscow, Crimea — linked to Russia by only an over-burdened ferry link — is still reliant on Ukraine for some of its energy and food supplies.The region has been subjected to tough Western sanctions that have seen it cut off from international banking systems and Western firms pull out.
Syria sees Russia game changer, US-trained rebels enter fray 7 hours ago Damascus (AFP) – Syria predicted Sunday that Russia’s growing military role will prove a game changer in the fight against jihadists, as 75 rebels trained under a beleaguered US programme entered the fray.Related Stories
US Secretary of State John Kerry, in contrast, said Moscow’s support for the regime in Damascus only risked sending more extremists to war-torn Syria and could further hamper peace efforts.”More important than the supply of arms to Syria is Russia’s participation in the fight against Daesh and Al-Nusra Front,” Al-Qaeda’s franchise in the country, Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Muallem said, using an Arabic acronym for the Islamic State (IS) jihadist group.Muallem, quoted by Syrian media in an interview with Russia Today television, said Moscow’s increased role would „show up America’s lack of a clear strategy” against the jihadists.Russian President Vladimir Putin has provided vital support to his Syrian counterpart President Bashar al-Assad throughout the armed revolt against the Damascus regime that erupted in 2011.Moscow argues that any military support is in line with existing defence contracts, but reports have surfaced this month of secret deployments to Syria, where Russia has a naval facility.Washington, which has led an international coalition carrying out air strikes against IS in both Syria and neighbouring Iraq over the past year, has repeatedly warned Moscow that bolstering Assad will only make the situation worse.US Secretary of State John Kerry (C) meets with refugees fleeing Syria at Villa Borsig in Berlin on …A US-backed rebel faction and a monitoring group said Sunday that 75 Syrian rebels trained to fight jihadists under a beleaguered US programme have crossed from Turkey into northern Syria.”Seventy-five new fighters trained in a camp near the Turkish capital entered Aleppo province between Friday night and Saturday morning,” said Rami Abdel Rahman, head of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.Hassan Mustafa, spokesman for the „Division 30″ unit to which some of the rebels were deployed, confirmed to AFP that the group had entered Syria.”Their training in Turkey lasted two months and they went directly to the front lines with Daesh. They are now in the town of Tal Rifaat,” Mustafa said via the Internet.- Under coalition air cover -According to Abdel Rahman, the group entered in a convoy of a dozen cars with light weapons and ammunition, under air cover from the US-led coalition.Syrian women and children walk in a dusty street following an air strike by government forces on the …Before the fresh batch of fighters, the US-led train-and-equip programme had only managed to vet and train some 60 rebels to fight IS jihadists on the ground.The $500 million programme run out of Turkey has been fraught with problems.Shortly after the 54 fighters embedded with Division 30 in July, they suffered a devastating assault by Al-Nusra Front.More than a dozen of Division 30’s fighters were either killed or kidnapped by Al-Nusra, which accused them of being „agents of American interests”.The United States has since used its air power to help Division 30 push back other Nusra attacks and has said Syrian troops could be targeted if they attacked the US-backed forces.US officials have also expressed fears Russia may strike the Western-backed rebels fighting Assad and ultimately risk a confrontation with forces fighting IS.Moscow has been pushing for a broader coalition of forces to take on the jihadists.On a visit to Berlin, Kerry said that „continued military support for the regime by Russia or any other country risks the possibility of attracting more extremists and entrenching Assad and hinders the way for resolution”.But despite its reservations, the United States on Friday launched military talks with Russia on the more than four-year-old conflict that has cost more than 240,000 lives.On the ground, a new ceasefire went into effect on Sunday between pro-government forces and Islamist rebels in three battleground districts, a local official and the Britain-based Observatory said.The truce covers the two remaining villages in Idlib province in the northwest still in government hands and the rebels’ last stronghold near the Lebanese border, the town of Zabadani.”The truce in Zabadani, Fuaa and Kafraya which began at noon (0900 GMT) has held except for some sporadic fire on Fuaa in the afternoon,” said Abdel Rahman.Sunday’s ceasefire is the third attempt to halt fighting in the three areas. A ceasefire last month lasted only 48 hours.
Refugee crisis to test EU at summit of divided leaders By Julia Fioretti and Gernot Heller3 hours ago View galleryMigrants lift their children as they protest to be allowed to cross into Greece near the Turkish border …By Julia Fioretti and Gernot Heller Related Stories
BRUSSELS/ LEIPZIG, Germany (Reuters) – Bitterly-divided European leaders will seek to find a credible response to the continent’s worst migration crisis since World War Two at an emergency summit this week.German chancellor Angela Merkel called on her peers on Sunday to accept joint responsibility.”Germany is willing to help. But it is not just a German challenge, but one for all of Europe,” Merkel told a gathering of trade unionists. „Europe must act together and take on responsibility. Germany can’t shoulder this task alone.”Striking a more skeptical tone on migration than in previous weeks, Merkel also warned that Germany could not shelter those who were moving for economic reasons rather than to flee war or persecution.”We are a big country. We are a strong country. But to make out as if we alone can solve all the social problems of the world would not be realistic,” she told a gathering of the Verdi trade union.Migrants sleep at Sarayici oil wrestling arena in Edirne, Turkey, September 20, 2015. REUTERS/Alexa …European Council President Donald Tusk, who chairs European Union summits, said on Twitter on Sunday following a weekend visit to Jordan and Egypt that the EU needed to help Syrian refugees find a better life closer at home.That will be one of the topics of discussion for Wednesday’s summit in Brussels as hundreds of thousands of refugees and migrants brave the seas and trek across the impoverished Balkan peninsula to reach more affluent countries in northern Europe.The 28-member bloc has struggled to find a unified response to the crisis, which has tested many of its newer members in the East that are unaccustomed to large-scale immigration.On Sunday Hungary erected a steel gate and fence posts at a border crossing with Croatia, the EU’s newest member state. Overwhelmed by an influx of some 25,000 migrants this week, Croatia has been sending them north by bus and train to Hungary, which has waved them on to Austria.Around 10,700 migrants walked into Austria from Hungary on Sunday, some 200 more than on Saturday.Migrants enter a train at a train station in Magyarboly, Hungary, September 20, 2015. REUTERS/Bernad …The influx of migrants, most of them fleeing war and poverty in the Middle East, Africa and Asia, has led to bitter recriminations between European governments while the temporary closure of national borders has undermined one of the most tangible achievements of the Union.”If you don’t cope with this crisis, then I think the EU will fall apart,” said a senior EU official.The official said European leaders would discuss longer-term strategies for dealing with the crisis, particularly increasing cooperation with Turkey and the countries bordering Syria to keep the millions of refugees at home. Tusk said more aid to the World Food Program and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees would also be on the agenda.Beefing up the EU’s asylum agency, Frontex, into a full border and coastguard agency, and working on hotspots and a list of „safe countries” whose citizens would not normally qualify for asylum, would also be up for discussion, the official said.CEMENTING PEACEMigrants and refugees camp in the port at the Greek island of Lesbos September 20, 2015. REUTERS/Ya …On Saturday, German Vice-Chancellor Sigmar Gabriel said the EU needed to provide 1.5 billion euros ($1.70 billion) to the two agencies to address funding shortfalls.The EU prides itself on cementing peace among countries that until World War Two fought bloody battles and fostering prosperity by removing internal barriers among its member states through the so-called Schengen agreement.But the more than 500,000 people crossing the Mediterranean into Europe this year alone and Hungary’s use of water cannon and razor wire on its border with Serbia have seen the EU’s ambitions to act as one fall short.The picture of a dead toddler washed up on a beach in Turkey sent shockwaves around the continent. On Sunday 13 migrants, including six children, were killed as their boat was wrecked in Turkish waters.”The (Schengen) agreements are now part of our daily lives and it is unthinkable that the facilities enjoyed by hundreds of thousands of travelers and cross-border workers in Europe are challenged by nationalist and reactionary thoughts and political actions,” said Jean Asselborn, Minister of Foreign and European Affairs for Luxembourg.Soldiers build a barbed wire fence at the Hungary-Croatia border near Sarok, Hungary, September 20, …As the holder of the rotating presidency of the EU, Luxembourg is working to broker a compromise that can break the deadlock between member states on sharing the burden of the crisis.EU interior ministers, meeting on Tuesday, are expected to agree on a voluntary relocation scheme to redistribute 160,000 refugees from frontline states across the EU, a fraction of the total entering Europe.French President Francois Hollande said he wanted the interior ministers to address the most difficult aspects of the migration crisis by Tuesday so that EU leaders could focus exclusively on financing at Wednesday’s summit.”I really wish all these issues to be solved by the ministers’ reunion,” Hollande said on Sunday during a state visit to Morocco.EU ambassadors met on Sunday to try to hammer out compromises ahead of Tuesday’s meeting but several issues still needed to be solved and work would continue until then, said a spokeswoman for the EU presidency.Germany’s Gabriel warned that the country could be overwhelmed by the 800,000 refugees and asylum seekers it expects to receive this year. Most of the migrants hope to reach prosperous Germany or Sweden.U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said on Sunday the United States would take in 15,000 more refugees from around the world next year, increasing the current level to 85,000, and to 100,000 in 2017.(Additional reporting by Alastair Macdonald, Paul Taylor, Francois Murphy in Vienna; Lesley Wroughton in Berlin and John O’Donnell in Frankfurt; Editing by Andrew Roche and Kavita Chandran)
Greek leftist Tsipras returns in unexpectedly decisive vote win By Renee Maltezou and Karolina Tagaris5 hours agoFormer Greek prime minister and leader of leftist Syriza party Alexis Tsipras waves to supporters after …By Renee Maltezou and Karolina TagarisRelated Stories
ATHENS (Reuters) – Greek leftist Alexis Tsipras stormed back into office with an unexpectedly decisive election victory on Sunday, claiming a clear mandate to steer Greece’s battered economy to recovery.The vote ensured Europe’s most outspoken leftist leader would remain Greece’s dominant political figure, despite having been abandoned by party radicals last month after he caved in to demands for austerity to win a bailout from the euro zone.In a victory speech to cheering crowds in a central Athens square, he promised a new phase of stability in a country that has held five general elections in six years, saying his mandate would now see him through a full term.”Today in Europe, Greece and the Greek people are synonymous with resistance and dignity. This struggle will be continued together for a full four years,” he said.He made no specific reference to the 85 billion euro bailout, but Syriza campaigned on a pledge to implement it, while promising also to introduce measures to protect vulnerable groups from some aspects of the deal.Former Greek prime minister and leader of leftist Syriza party Alexis Tsipras addresses supporters a …”We have difficulties ahead of us but we also have a solid ground, we know where we can step, we have a prospect. Recovery from the crisis can’t come magically, but it can come through tough work,” he said.Tsipras’s first task after forming a government will be to persuade European Union lenders that enough agreed steps have been made to ensure the next payment. The bailout program is due for a review next month.Jeroen Dijsselbloem, the Dutch head of the Eurogroup of finance ministers that use the single currency, said he looked forward to the swift formation of a new Greek government with a mandate to implement the bailout.”Ready to work closely with the Greek authorities and to continue accompanying Greece in its ambitious reform efforts,” Dijsselbloem tweeted.Tsipras will also need to grapple with Greece’s central role in Europe’s refugee crisis, as the main entry point for tens of thousands of migrants who arrive by sea and trek up the Balkan peninsula to richer EU countries further north. He meets EU colleagues at an emergency summit over the crisis on Wednesday.Supporters of leftist Syriza party react at the party’s main election kiosk after seeing the res …In a near repeat of January’s general election, his Syriza party fell just shy of an outright majority but will form a coalition with his former partners, the small rightwing Independent Greeks party.With around 57 percent of votes counted, Syriza was on course to claim 35.5 percent of the vote, easily seeing off the main conservative challengers New Democracy on 28.2 percent.The interior ministry said that would give Syriza 145 seats in the 300-seat parliament, just four fewer than when Tsipras first stormed to power early this year. The result was more decisive than had been indicated in opinion polls, which had predicted the outcome would be close.New Democracy swiftly conceded defeat. Leader Vangelis Meimarakis said: „The electoral result appears to be concluding with Syriza and Mr Tspiras in the lead. I congratulate him and urge him to create the government which is needed.”Third place in the election looked set to go again to Golden Dawn, a far right party with a swastika-like symbol, with around 7 percent of the vote.Supporters of leftist Syriza party react at the party’s main election kiosk after seeing the res …WEARINESS Tsipras resigned and called the election last month when his party split over his reversal on the bailout, which he had accepted despite having won an overwhelming referendum mandate in July to reject similar terms.Many Greeks expressed weariness with politics during the campaign, tired of voting and frightened by the prospect of still more uncertainty that would worsen one of the worst depressions to hit an industrialized country in modern times.”I voted, but with a heavy heart,” said Despina Biri, 29.Sunday’s ballot was the third national vote this year, including the referendum. Turnout was around 55 percent compared with 63 percent in January’s election.People look at the results of exit polls on a giant screen as the leader of the conservative New Dem …Some voters said they backed Syriza because Tsipras needed time to finish the job he began.”They were … the ones who signed the bailout so they have to implement it,” said Fani Arvanitidi, 70.The firebrand leftist fought hard for Greece to be let off harsh austerity rules imposed by international creditors, only to back down after Greece’s banks were shut and the country was pushed to the wall.More than two dozen of his lawmakers abandoned him last month, many saying he had betrayed his principles. He argued that his tough negotiating stance had softened the blow of austerity and had helped persuade creditors to agree a restructuring of Greek debt.His center-right opponents argued that his erratic leadership had worsened the economic crisis, throttling a recovery that had just begun before he took power.Former Greek prime minister and leader of leftist Syriza party Alexis Tsipras speaks to journalists …But with Tsipras and his main opponents now all committed to the bailout, the deep divisions that had polarized Greece and given rise to volatile politics appear less extreme for now.Apart from Golden Dawn and the communist KKE party, the major parties in the new parliament have now all accepted the cash-for-reforms deal to keep Greece in the euro zone.”After years of almost unprecedented crisis, the vast majority of Greeks are endorsing parties that are promising to keep the country in the euro even if that implies thorough and painful reforms,” Holger Schmieding, chief economist at Germany’s Berenberg bank said.For former allies still opposed to EU-imposed austerity, however, Tsipras is a turncoat.Yanis Varoufakis, the outspoken former finance minister who infuriated EU officials with his refusal to accept their proposals, called the election „the ‘legalization’ of the capitulation that followed the signing of the dead end, humiliating and irrational” bailout.The new government will also need to respond to Greece’s central role in Europe’s migration crisis, which could intensify as countries further along the land route north across the Balkans shut down their frontiers.In a painful reminder of that crisis, 13 migrants died in Turkish waters on Sunday when a boat carrying 46 people en route to Greece collided with a dry cargo vessel and capsized, a Turkish coast guard source said.(Additional reporting by Michele Kambas, George Georgiopoulos, Angeliki Koutantou and Lefteris Papadimas; Writing by John Stonestreet and Jeremy Gaunt; Editing by Peter Graff)
Iran’s Rouhani says U.S.-Iran enmity eased, but distrust will remain 4 hours ago Iranian President Hassan Rouhani leaves after delivering a speech at plenary session during the Asian …WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said in an interview with a U.S. television network that aired on Sunday that Tehran and Washington „have taken the first steps” toward decreasing their enmity due to a landmark nuclear accord.Related Stories
But Rouhani told CBS’ „60 Minutes” program that despite the nuclear agreement, „the distance, the disagreements, the lack of trust, will not go away soon.”The United States and Iran have been at odds since Iran’s 1979 Islamic revolution. Deep differences remain over Middle East conflicts, as well as what Washington sees as Iran’s support for terrorism and poor human rights record.”What’s important is which direction we are heading?” Rouhani added. „Are we heading toward amplifying the enmity or decreasing this enmity? I believe we have taken the first steps toward decreasing this enmity.”The nuclear accord reached in July between Iran and six world powers eases crippling sanctions on Iran in return for limits on its nuclear work.The accord’s opponents in the U.S. Congress were unable to muster the votes to block it by last week’s legislative deadline for action.International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Director General Yukiya Amano (L) meets Iran’s Preside …Rouhani, who was interviewed in Tehran, expressed confidence that Iran’s parliament and Supreme National Security Council would likewise approve the accord.”The majority of our people, in opinion polls, have a positive view of the agreement,” he said. „Institutions like the parliament and the Supreme National Security Council, are usually not far removed from public opinion and move in that direction.”The powerful Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, some of whose members have publicly criticized the deal, „will respect this agreement” once Iran approves it, Rouhani predicted.The Iranian president, expected to travel to the United States next week for the U.N. General Assembly, suggested he would not oppose some sort of U.S.-Iran prisoner swap.Iran is holding several Americans, including Washington Post reporter Jason Rezaian, who has dual U.S. and Iranian citizenship. Iranian officials have said they want freedom for Iranians held in the United States, some of whom have been jailed on charges of circumventing U.S. sanctions on Tehran.Asked if he would support a prisoner exchange, Rouhani told CBS: „I don’t particularly like the word exchange, but from a humanitarian perspective, if we can take a step, we must do it. The American side must take its own steps.”In the Syrian conflict, Iran has backed President Bashar al-Assad, and Rouhani said Assad should stay in power at least until Islamic State militants are defeated. „How can we fight the terrorists without the government staying?” he asked.The weekly chant of „Death to America” in Iran „is not a slogan against the American people,” Rouhani added.”The policies of the United States have been against the national interests of Iranian people,” he said. „We cannot forget the past, but at the same time our gaze must be toward the future.”(Reporting by Warren Strobel; Editing by Peter Cooney)
Thousands more migrants pour into Austria as 13 drown off Turkey By Marianne Barriaux5 hours ago Nickelsdorf (Austria) (AFP) – Crowded aboard buses and trains, thousands more migrants flooded into Austria on Sunday as at least 13 desperate refugees drowned making the perilous trip to Europe in search of a better life.Related Stories
Six children were among those who died off the coast of Turkey after the inflatable dinghy carrying them to Greece collided with a ship, Turkish media reported. Greek reports indicated another two children may still be missing.As several thousand more migrants arrived in Austria from Hungary via Croatia, Budapest abruptly decided to reopen a border crossing with Serbia whose closure on Tuesday had sparked a surge of migrants into neighbouring Croatia.The closure of the Horgos-Roszke 1 crossing had added distance and uncertainty for those undertaking the gruelling journey across the Balkans into western Europe, with Croatia saying more than 25,000 had entered its territory since Wednesday.Within days of the border closure, Croatia said it could not cope with the huge influx and began redirecting migrants back towards Hungary or towards Slovenia, sparking angry reactions from both countries.Both Zagreb and Budapest have stepped up efforts this week to move the huge crowds through and out of their territory as quickly as possible, with Croatia pushing a record 1,200 migrants onto neighbouring Hungary in the space of an hour on Sunday.Migrants board a train to Graz at a railway station in Spielfeld on September 20, 2015 (AFP Photo/Ju …At the Austrian town of Nickelsdorf on the Hungarian border, some 7,000 refugees and migrants arrived on Sunday, a pile-up that caused long waits for onward transport. A snaking line of arrivals were waiting for buses, with others hoping for taxis to take them to Vienna.”It’s known that once you get to Austria, you’ve arrived,” said Saeed, a 23-year-old from Damascus who is hoping his odyssey will end in Germany.”As we approach the Europe that we want, people are getting nicer and nicer.”- Hungary reinforces its border -Croatian state-run broadcaster HRT reported a convoy of Hungarian military vehicles arriving at the two countries’ border crossing at Beremend, and aired images of officials placing several large metal panels across a road on the Hungarian side.